Metamorfozy motywu wampira w kulturze popularnej XX oraz XXI wieku. Zarys problematyki
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Metamorphoses vampire theme in popular culture XX and XXI century. Outline of issues
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The article attempts to answer the question whether the functioning of the vampires in the wider culture is permanent or temporary? Cultural history and folklore existence of this beast is so long, how long is the story of the written word. Existed in many mythologies, folk tales and legends as a monster threatening to human existence. The nineteenth century breaks the concept of vampire folklore. Since the days of romanticism can talk about it in terms of the phantom. In the twentieth century there is a progressive sexualization of this figure. However, note the specific duration and transience, cultural fashion vampires by examining the related parodies and pastiches of literary and cinematic. An example is the Roman Polanski film The Fearless Vampire Killers (1967), or the grotesque scene famous saga „Twilight” from the years 2009-2012. Maria Janion concludes: „parodies usually occur when a species has to defend against degradation and death”. Thus it is that the fashion for vampires went through stages of flowering, duration, and then passing away, but after a while (thanks to the new depiction associated with degradation of the character), to return again.
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