ВИКОРИСТАННЯ ІНТЕРАКТИВНИХ МЕТОДІВ НАВЧАННЯ ПРИ ПІДГОТОВЦІ МАЙБУТНІХ ПЕДАГОГІВ У ВИЩОМУ НАВЧАЛЬНОМУ ЗАКЛАДІ
The usage of interactive teaching methods in the preparation of the future teachers in the higher education institution.
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The dynamic nature of modern vocational education is recognized by all modern researchers. The basic concept of the education system becomes competence, and in the system of vocational education – professional competence, which is understood first of all as the ability of a specialist to further professional self-improvement.In order to update the education system, moving it to a competent basis, you need to revise the very model of learning. The passage from the passive to the active model is necessary, and it is already practically realized, but the most productive is the interactive model of learning, since the student, due to its use, learns not only to apply the knowledge gained in the school, but also constantly look for new, update the luggage of their professional competences. The article deals with the theoretical basis of interactive learning. This type of learning is associated with a transition to competence education; it is creating an atmosphere of interaction between teacher and students and between the students at the lesson. All students are involved in the interactive learning process; they are active and independent, and the role of the teacher changes: he is not the translator of information; he is a mediator and an equal participant of learning process. The article compared the traditional (passive and active) and interactive learning, marked differences at all levels – in the definition of objectives, forms, methods, tools and content of learning, as well as differences of the work of the teacher. Teacher provides pedagogical support of the educational process and the process of interaction between students, their communication, fulfilling the assistant function, consultant. Among the interactive learning methods are marked oral verbal methods (heuristic conversation, hybrid forms of lectures), visual methods, practical and problem-search methods of active learning (method of analysis of production situation, “case studies”, playing techniques, research method, problem-based learning, method of “brainstorming”, method of projects, quizzes, competitions, contests, festivals and etc.).
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