Warunki wymagane do ważności i godziwości chrztu ze strony przyjmującego sakrament według aktualnie obowiązującego prawa w Kościele rzymskokatolickim
Conditions necessary for a valid and licitly baptism of an adult according to law of the Roman Catholic Church
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The author focused on problems which can arise while applying norms envisaged by the supreme lawmaker which have to be fulfilled by the baptized adult for a sacrament to be received validly and licitly. Baptism of desire is not enough; a baptism of water is necessary, because this is the gateway to the sacraments, and without it the rest of the sacraments cannot be validly received. To be a “living person” is to be capable of baptism. The one baptized validly cannot receive baptism for a second time. An adult cannot be validly baptized without wanting to be baptized. The manifestation of will constitutes a requirement ad validitatem of celebration of baptism. An adult may be licitly baptized only if the person has basic instruction in the teaching of the Church and the duties incumbent upon a Christian. For licitness an adult should as well try him/herself by means of a catechumenate. To be forgiven for personal sins an individual must repent. The requirements change slightly in the danger of death. In such circumstances an adult can be baptized when having some knowledge of the principal truths of faith, has manifested in any way the intention to receive baptism and promises to observe the commandments of the Christian religion (CIC, can. 864–865).
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