Intronizacja Najświętszego Serca Jezusowego na tle problematyki społecznej w Polsce w okresie dwudziestolecia międzywojennego
The Enthronement of the Sacred Heart of Jesus against the background of the social issues in Poland of the Interwar Period
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Th e article analyses the history and importance of the worship of the Sacred Heart of Jesus in the period of 1918-1939. It presents the role of the worship not only on the religious ground but also in the reconstruction of Polish statehood and in the forming of social unity. Th e discussed events of the 1920’s – especially the devotion of people and the Country to the Sacred Heart of Jesus in the Jasna Góra Monastery on 27 July 1920, the act of the devotion of the whole Country offi ciated in the Little Market Square in Cracow on 3 June 1921, and the devotion of Silesia on 9 September 1923 – show that the worship of the Sacred Herat of Jesus and the devotion of the faithful, is strictly integrated with the life of the nation in the reborn Poland. Th ey also had their role in the creation of the religious foundation for the restoration of the united national life, guiding its development, combining strongly with patriotic ideas. On the other hand in the 1930’s, when the term enthronement became more commonly used, the worship of the Sacred Heart of Jesus was strongly permeating the social life. Th e enthronement, the theological meaning of which is described in a special way by Fr. Józef Andrasz in “Posłaniec Serca Jezusowego”, was practiced fi rst of all by families, but also by various institutions responsible for organization of social and national life. Th e Enthronement of the Sacred Heart of Jesus supported and encouraged by Diocesan bishops would be an answer to both, communism and western liberalism. The symbolic token of the worship becomes the monument of the Sacred Heart of Jesus in Poznań, with golden heart, a votive off ering from the Poles for the independent Country.
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