ASPECTS OF DEVELOPMENT OF LEADER CREATIVE THINKING OF A MEDICAL STUDENT AT THE UNDERGRADUATE LEVEL OF MEDICAL EDUCATION
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Current issue deals with analysis of possible ways to develop leadership in medical students. The purpose of the study is to emphasize on the best-used ways for a development of leader creative thinking at the first basic level of medical education. Methodology used here is descriptive analytical investigation based upon the own experience have been since 2005–2015 with undergraduate foreign medical students who studied disciplines «Infectious diseases» and «Epidemiology of Infectious diseases», «Tropical Medicine and Clinical Parasitology» at the Higher state educational establishment «Bukovina State Medical University» (Chernivtsi city, Western Ukraine, Eastern Europe). Results. Creative thinking of a leader is a necessary and important part of innovative pedagogy nowadays. From the positive side of it, formation of a new generation of medical students learned by competence-based approach with readiness to carry out multitasks. Coupled with, «thinking out of the box» development in an individual person helps to discover maximum features of personality. From the negative side of it, there are difficulties to keep activity within certain limits. Most pre-graduate medical students actively express their best creativity in extra-class time within university events like Round Tables dedicated to International days of hepatitis B&C, malaria, HIV etc. to share with others of prevention recommendations (in forms of meetings, leaflets, and communication in groups with experience to create higher level of competency). There are many methods to develop creativity and flexibility of cognitive processes, such as brainstorming session, case study, micro-reality, SCAMPER and lateral thinking method etc. Thus, leadership skills and creative thinking both are targeted for excellent qualitative medical education. Practical meaning of investigation. A leadership program could be suggested for implementation into general curriculum of pre-graduate medical students. Alternatively, this course should be present as optional for medical students of 4-6 years. Teachers in medical institutions are free to actively used round tables meetings, case studies, brainstorm sessions, poster session competitions, SCAMPER method in practical lessons as well as during self-organized extra-lesson activities with foreign and Ukrainian medical students. Conclusions. Analysis of possible ways of development of leader creative thinking as one of the most progressive leadership skills demonstrated the exclusively importance of extra-class initiative meetings as Round Tables, student conferences, poster competitions on medical specific topics at the pre-graduate level of medical education. Furthermore, optional leadership program advisably must be included to general educational curriculum for medical students who are getting higher education. Perspectives for further investigations. It will be useful to compare the value of different methods for developing creativity in medical students at final sixth year of medical school and ranking it.
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