Działalnośc parlamentarna Hermana Liebermana
Parliamentary activity of Herman Lieberman
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Herman Lieberman was a Polish attorney, politician, socialist, member of parliament in Vienna-Reichsrat (two terms) and a member of Sejm (Polish parliament) of the Second Republic of Poland (four terms). He was born on on the 3rd of January 1870 in Drohobycz and died on the 21st of October 1941 in London. As he was a member of Reichsrat during First World War he fought for for the independence of Poland as a soldier in Josef Pilsudski’s Legions. Lieberman was four times elected as a parliamentary representative from Przemyśl district and twice from the national list. In the Polish parliament he he would become a member and rapporteur of many committees, including: constitutional, military, regulatory and legal. In 1923 he actively supported the enactment of an act of law considering the responsibility of ministers and the president of Poland in front of the State Tribunal. In 1929 Herman Lieberman was elected as a prosecutor in the only trial in front of the State Tribunal – trial against the Minister of Treasury Gabriel Czechowicz. Lieberman belonged to the opponents of Pilsudski’s policy and because of that in 1930 he was imprisoned in the fortress Brest and then, sentenced to two and a half years for his oppositional activity. While transporting him to Brest he was severely beaten. He suffered for a long time because of the injuries. After the verdict in 1933 Lieberman decided to leave Poland for France, where he was actively involved in the Front Morges organization, which was against policy of Pilsudski’s followers, who took over full power after so called “the Brest elections” in 1930. In exile he remained very active as a publicist and a political activist of the Socialist International. Lieberman was a member of its executive bodies. Since 1940 he lived in London, where he was, at first, vice-chairman of the National Council of Poland – President’s consultative body, and then since September 3. 1941 Minister of Justice in the Sikorski’s government. After Lieberman’s death, President awarded him the highest Polish decoration for his contribution to the Polish state – the Order of the White Eagle. All his life Lieberman was strongly connected with Przemyśl, where his symbolic tomb is located, because he was buried in London’s Highgate Cemetery.
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