Nowe źródła wczesnośredniowieczne z gminy Świecie n. Osą (Świecie n. Osą, stan. 83, Partęczyny, stan. 74), pow. grudziądzki)
Neue frühmittelalterliche Quellen in Schwetz/Ossa, Gemeinde: loco, Stelle 83., Partęczyny, Stelle 74., Kreis Graudenz
New early medieval sources from Gmina Świecie nad Osą in Grudziądz County (Świecie n. Osą, archaeological site no. 83, Partęczyny, a.s. no. 74)
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In 2004–2007 in the territory of Świecie n. Osą there was discovered a multicultural settlement at a distance of 260 m to the south-east from the early medieval stronghold (archaeological site no. 1), in the valley of the Lutryna river; the territory had been used as a fish farm. Over the dozen or so years, seven ponds had been created there. In autumn and winter, after the ponds were emptied, some clusters of ceramics, spindle whorls and knives from the early Iron Age to the late Middle Ages were observed. The early medieval ceramic material can be considered the oldest one of the trends in the development of the ceramics in the Chełmno land, i.e. 8–9th c. and 11/12th c. It is possible that an early medieval cemetery existed in this area – the owner of the ponds, W. Wiśniewski, signalled the skeletal findings. Another, previously not-known archaeological site is the one in Partęczyny discovered in 2004 on the occasion of the modernisation of a forest nursery. The nursery area adjoins the northern edge of the Płowęż Lake (fig. 6). During the research, the remains of four cultural objects were recorded. From the surface of the site and the objects, the archaeologists obtained the ceramic material of the Lusitian culture from the early Iron Age, and the ceramic material that can be classified into three trends of the development of ceramics in the Chełmno land: phase IB, II and IIIa. The chronology of the object can be referred to the IB–II phase, i.e. in the period from the 7th to the early 10th c.
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