In 20 – 30th of the XX century there was intensive alteration of education in Ukraine. Substantial changes touched mostly its organizational foundations and structure and characterized by the searches of new forms and methods of training of pedagogical staff. The problems of development of pedagogical education in Ukraine widely came into question on the first All-Ukrainian conference on education questions (in 1920). In 1920–1921 for providing of history of all types of schools, higher woman courses and seminaries teachers created the new form of higher educational establishment – Institutes of Folk Education (ІFE) on the base of separate faculties of universities. Already in 1920 in Ukraine there were such institutes of folk education, as Kyiv, Kharkiv, Odesa, Katerinoslav, Poltava, Kherson, Mykolaiv, Zhytomyr, Chernihiv, Luhansk, Kamenets-Podolsk. The teachers of history were prepared at the historical department of trade education and at the socio-economic slope of general department of social education. Curriculum of ІFE included such basic elements: 1) acquaintance with a production; 2) knowledge of science; 3) pedagogics; 4) common development; 5) methods of studies. Positive influence on the improvement of preparation of teachers of history at that time in ІFE was considered to be relative freedom, given to the teachers in preparation of curricula and programs, in the choice of methods of studies and textbooks. Comparison of curricula of different higher educational establishments gives bright evidence as for the presence of the different approaches to the organization of educational process. If one of the pedagogical collectives (Poltava ІFE, Odesa ІFE, Kyiv and other) deemed it wise to pay attention to teaching of general disciplines, concentrating pedagogical disciplines on the third year of studies, then on the faculties of trade education carried out teaching of general and pedagogical disciplines in parallel. The perspective direction of further research can be to identify the features of the development of other types of higher educational institutions of Ukraine in this period and the use of certain features in contemporary Ukrainian higher education.