PL EN


2018 | 31 | 113-121
Article title

Polityka zasad i celów. Polski obóz narodowodemokratyczny w Rosji w latach 1917–1918

Content
Title variants
EN
A Policy of Principles and Goals. The Polish National Democratic Faction in Russia 1917–1918
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
The Russian revolutions have been a major influence on the activity of the National Democracy (ND). Most importantly, they provided an opportunity for the movement to openly put forward a programme of restoration of an independent, united Polish state. All of its political activities have therefore been subordinated to this cause. One of the movement’s leaders, Stanisław Grabski, discussed the resulting priorities facing the National Democrats in Russia in his open letter dated 20 March 1917, in which he placed paramount importance on promoting the achievement of European peace and stopping Germany’s expansion to the East as a condition for a satisfactory solution to the Polish issue. In Russia, however, the ND had to refrain from speaking out in public on certain issues, such as Poland’s eastern border, as they feared that this would affect the situation of Poles then residing in Russia, if not prompt the latter to conclude a separatist peace with Germany. In this situation, the National Democracy in Russia focused mainly on publicising the anti-German elements of their political agenda and planning the creation of a Polish army to back their pro-coalition policies. Due to Russia’s declining position on the international stage, the political role of the National Democracy’s chapter in Russia was gradually weakened by the departure of its leaders towards Western Europe. Following the October Revolution, their status became precarious; once the Russian-German peace treaty was concluded, their activity had to be limited chiefly to assisting in the transfer of troops to the Polish army in France.
Contributors
  • Uniwersytet im. Marii Curie-Skołodowskiej
References
  • Tarasiuk D., Polski obóz narodowy w Rosji w latach 1917–1918, Lublin 2014.
  • Akt 5 listopada 1916 roku i jego konsekwencje dla Polski i Europy, red. J. Kłaczkow, K. Kania, Z. Girzyński, Toruń 2016.
  • Toporowicz W., Komisja Likwidacyjna do spraw b. Królestwa Polskiego w 1917 r., „Z Dziejów Stosunków Polsko-Radzieckich” 1972, t. 9.
  • Wandycz P., Odezwa Rządu Tymczasowego z marca 1917 r. a interwencja angielska, „Zeszyty Historyczne” (Paryż) 1969, t. 15.
  • Andrzejczak M., Rosja w myśli politycznej Narodowej Demokracji w latach 1917–1939, Krzeszowiec 2016.
  • Matwiejew G.F., Fiewralskaja riewolucyja w Rossii i polskij wopros [w:] Riewolucyonnaja Rossija 1917 g. i polskij wopros. Nowyje istoczniki, nowyje wzglady. Sbornik statiej, red. M. Wołos, A. Oriechow, Moskwa 2009.
  • Pajewski J., Odbudowa państwa polskiego 1914–1918, Poznań 2005.
  • Wapiński R., Narodowa Demokracja 1893–1939. Ze studiów nad dziejami myśli nacjonalistycznej, Wrocław 1980.
  • Wojdyło W., Mediacja jako forma regulacji konfliktów politycznych w koncepcjach Stanisława Grabskiego [w:] Polska i Polacy. Studia z dziejów polskiej myśli i kultury politycznej XIX i XX wieku, red. M. Mroczko, Gdańsk 2001.
  • O niepodległą i granicę. Komitet Narodowy Polski. Protokoły posiedzeń 1917–1919, oprac. M. Jabłonowski, D. Cisowska-Hydzik, Warszawa–Pułtusk 2007.
  • Dokumenty i materiały do historii stosunków polsko-radzieckich, t. 1: Marzec 1917 – listopad 1918, oprac. W. Gostyńska et al., Warszawa 1962.
  • Drozdowski M., Władysław Grabski, Rzeszów 2002.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-0f44e72b-876f-4c99-87cc-a7130d0b1810
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.