2015 | 18 | 125-136
Article title

Utrum Isocratea de bene conformato animo disciplina ad alumnorum utilitates solum accommodata sit

Title variants
Languages of publication
The purpose of this paper is to present the views of Isocrates on human excellence as a result of the educational process. The author examines some passages in Isocrates’ speeches, in which the well formed human virtue seems to be changeable and still dependent on the pupils’ social position. Apart from the fact that this virtue occurs as a faculty of seizing each opportunity to speak in a relevant way, it also appears to be once a kind of patience in bearing any success as well as any misfortune in the same manner, and, at other times, it presents itself as a type of activity of the mind, which seeks the best solutions to different problems of the State. It is argued that in the view of Isocrates, despite some relevancy in his model of human excellence, which must be adapted to the future social tasks of each of his pupils, human perfection always entails three most important values. Apart from speaking well at the right time and living agreeably with other people, this perfection is based, to a large extent, on some form of seriousness and a gravity of the mind, which remains totally independent of any opportunities of time.
Physical description
  • Uniwersytet Łódzki
  • Danek Z., 2013, „Quid Isocrates de bene sua gerentis virtute exculta iudicaverit”, Collectanea Philologica 16, 73-78.
  • Freese J. H., 1894, The orations of Isocrates, vol. I, London. Editio interretialis: Isocrates, Nicocles, or the Cyprians, trans. J. A. Freese. Accessus per: http://www.classicpersuasionorg/pw/isocrates/pwisoc3.htm (2014–03–21).
  • Konstan D., 2004, „Isocrates’ ‘Republic’”, [in:] T. Poulakos, D. Depew, (eds.), Isocrates and civic education. Austin, p. 107-124.
  • Mikkola E., 1954, Isokrates. Seine Anschaungen im Lichte seiner Schriften, Helsinki (Annales Academiae Scientiarum Fennicae, vol. LXXXIX)..
  • Norlin G., 1929, Isocrates with an English translation by George Norlin, vol. II, London–New York.
  • Poulakos, T., 2004, „Isocrates’ Civic Education and the Question of Doxa”, [in:] T. Poulakos, D. Depew, (eds.), Isocrates and civic education, Austin, p. 44–68.
  • Rekucka-Bugajska K., 1980, „Izokratejskie wychowanie władcy”, Meander 35/3, p. 83-95.
  • Tuszyńska-Maciejewska K., 2004, Izokrates jako twórca parenezy w prozie greckiej, Poznań.
  • Veteikis T., 2012, „Isocrates on eu phronountes”, Colloquium Balticum Lundense, XI, p. 1-5. Accessus per: Handout_Tomas_Veteikis.pdf (2014–03–21).
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.