PL EN


2018 | 7 | 11 | 39-49
Article title

EFFECTS OF SKIING TRAINING ON SELECTED PARAMETERS OF POSTURAL BALANCE AMONG STUDENTS OF THE OPOLE UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY

Authors
Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
It is difficult to overestimate the role of balance in the life of human beings. Postural stability plays a fundamental role in life and its deficiencies can lead to considerable difficulties in performing everyday activities. Activity is understood as a form of recreation that can promote the development of behaviour in which balance is improved so as to make everyday life easier. The main objective of the study reported in this paper is to discuss the differences occurring during the system of balance that is maintained by subjects as a result of practicing downhill skiing and snowboarding. The study involved students of Physical Education (42 subjects, aged: 21.15±1.47) who were subjected to an experimental study concerned with the analysis of postural balance prior to and following a winter sports training program. Throughout the study, a Kistler Force Plate was applied during experiments with subjects performing tasks with eyes open and closed and the participants either wearing ski boots or performing project trials barefoot. Subsequently, the subjects completed the Wingate anaerobic test and the entire course of the test was repeated. The following stage of the experiment involved the same test program that was repeated after completion of a 5-day ski training program by the students, whose initial phases involved the test developed by Haczkiewicz (3). The analysis of the study's results demonstrates a degree of adaptation in the subjects with regard to postural balance that included a decrease in the regression of the results after completing the Wingate test for trials performed following the training program. This result offers a foundation for the recommendation of downhill skiing practice and snowboarding as ways of assisting postural balance control during preparation for exercise in conditions when maximum and supra-maximum effort is exerted.
Year
Volume
7
Issue
11
Pages
39-49
Physical description
Dates
published
2018-10-11
Contributors
  • Opole University of Technology, Opole, Poland
References
  • Golema M. Body displacement in a human keeping postural balance (in Polish), Opole University of Technology 2002, pp. 52-54
  • Jaskólska A., Movement control by the nervous system (in Polish). 2002 [In:] Jaskólski A. (Ed.). Podstawy fizjologii wysiłku fizycznego. AWF Wrocław.
  • Kornecki S., Stasiak M. Kozłowski A. Selection test for teaching basics of alpine skiing (in Polish). 1992, Wychowanie Fizyczne i Sport, 4, pp. 59-67.
  • Mildner A. Lembert S, Raschner C., Sportverletz Sportschaden., March 2010, pp. 31-35.
  • Nowak S. Control of upright position in physical education (in Polish), Radom, Radom University of Technology, 2005 pp. 62-65, 100-104.
  • Tchórzewski D, Bujas P, Jankowicz-Szymańska A. Body posture stability in ski boots under conditions of unstable supporting Surface, Journal of Human Kinetics No. 38/2013, pp.33-44.
  • Waśkiewczicz Z. Course of coordination processes inhuman locomotion under the effect of anaerobic effort (in Polish), Katowice AWF 2002 pp. 51-55.
  • Wojtyczek B, Pasławska M, Raschner C. Changes in the balance performance of polish recreational skiers after seven days of alpine skiing. Journal of Human Kinetics, No. 44/2014, pp. 29-40.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-1124d97c-9f7b-4096-8562-f41cc17a1554
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