EFFECTS OF SKIING TRAINING ON SELECTED PARAMETERS OF POSTURAL BALANCE AMONG STUDENTS OF THE OPOLE UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY
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It is difficult to overestimate the role of balance in the life of human beings. Postural stability plays a fundamental role in life and its deficiencies can lead to considerable difficulties in performing everyday activities. Activity is understood as a form of recreation that can promote the development of behaviour in which balance is improved so as to make everyday life easier. The main objective of the study reported in this paper is to discuss the differences occurring during the system of balance that is maintained by subjects as a result of practicing downhill skiing and snowboarding. The study involved students of Physical Education (42 subjects, aged: 21.15±1.47) who were subjected to an experimental study concerned with the analysis of postural balance prior to and following a winter sports training program. Throughout the study, a Kistler Force Plate was applied during experiments with subjects performing tasks with eyes open and closed and the participants either wearing ski boots or performing project trials barefoot. Subsequently, the subjects completed the Wingate anaerobic test and the entire course of the test was repeated. The following stage of the experiment involved the same test program that was repeated after completion of a 5-day ski training program by the students, whose initial phases involved the test developed by Haczkiewicz (3). The analysis of the study's results demonstrates a degree of adaptation in the subjects with regard to postural balance that included a decrease in the regression of the results after completing the Wingate test for trials performed following the training program. This result offers a foundation for the recommendation of downhill skiing practice and snowboarding as ways of assisting postural balance control during preparation for exercise in conditions when maximum and supra-maximum effort is exerted.
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