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2019 | 2 (48) | 347-358
Article title

Alternative diplomacy and the political role of clerical elites: The Roman Catholic Church as an ideological counterforce in interwar Banat

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EN
Abstracts
EN
In interwar Romania, non-political institutions played a decisive role in the process of containing the expansion of totalitarian ideologies. The two major colliding ideological forces, National Socialism and Communism, rapidly reshaped the European sociopolitical profile after World War I and caused an unprecedented long-term deterioration of various intergovernmental relations. The Banat region was systematically exposed to external ideological factors due to the fact that its heterogeneous ethno-cultural profile allowed a rapid proliferation of political ideas and programs.
Year
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Pages
347-358
Physical description
Contributors
author
  • West University, Department of Political Science (Timisoara)
References
  • Böhm, J. (1999). Die Deutschen in Rumänien und das Dritte Reich. 1933-1940. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Verlag.
  • Călin, C. (2009). Dr. H.C. Augustin Pacha (1870-1954). Succint excurs biografic al primului episcop romano-catolic de Timișoara. Banatica, No. 19, pp. 203-260.
  • Hockl, H. (1940). Das deutsche Banat. Seine geschichtlich-politische Entwicklung und Aufgabe. Temeschburg: Buchdruckerei Anwender&Sohn.
  • Hügel, K. (1957). Abriss der Geschichte des Donauschwäbischen Schulwesens. München: Verlag des Südostdeutschen Kulturwerks.
  • Hügel, K. (1968). Das Banater deutsche Schulwesen in Rumänien von 1918 bis 1944. München: Verlag des Südostdeutschen Kulturwerks.
  • Jenkins, R. (2008). Rethinking Ethnicity. Second Edition. London: Sage Publications.
  • Kräuter, F. (1995). Meine “Schuld” und meine Sühne. Karlsruhe/Temeswar: Mirton-Verlag.
  • Kräuter, F. (1995). Erinnerungen an Bischof Pacha. Bukarest: ADZ-Verlag.
  • Malesevic, S. (2006). Identity as Ideology. Understanding Ethnicity and Nationalism. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Maner, H. (2004). Parlamentarismul în România 1930-1940. Bucharest: Editura Enciclopedică.
  • Milata, P. (2009). Zwischen Hitler, Stalin und Antonescu. Rumäniendeutsche in der Waffen-SS. 2. Auflage. Köln: Böhlau.
  • Petri, A. (1992). Biographisches Lexikon des Banater Deutschtums. Marquartstein: Th. Breit Verlag.
  • Schmitt, C. (1996). Roman Catholicism and Political Form. Westport: Greenwood Press.
  • Smith, A. (1998). Nationalism and modernism: a critical survey of recent theories of nations and nationalism. London: Routledge.
  • Sugar, P. (2002). Naţionalismul est-european în secolul al XX-lea. Bucharest: Curtea Veche.
  • Wodak, R. et. al. (2009). The Discursive Construction of National Identity. Second Edition. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
  • Archives:
  • Archivum Dioecesanum Timisoarense, ADT, (Der Ruf: Anonim, Kameraden, Timişoara, Ianuarie 1937).
  • Das Bundesarchiv: BArch, NS 19/1077 (Andreas Schmidt, Volksgruppenführer der Deutschen Volksgruppe in Rumänien-Differenzen mit dem SD in Rumänien, Verwendung bei Kriegsende in einem Einsatzkommando).
  • Politisches Archiv des Auswärtigen Amtes: PA AA, Bucharest 136/2587 (Römisch-Katholische Kirche).
Notes
EN
mihai.panu@e-uvt.ro-West University, Department of Political Science (Timisoara)
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-12656b8d-c22c-41cf-803e-69802d7d4760
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