Organization of higher agricultural education in Great Britain.
Some experience in the field of training skilled personnel for agriculture in the higher educational establishments of Great Britain is taken into consideration in the article. The aim of the article is to analyze the development of formal education institutions on the basis of the Royal Agricultural College. Special mention is given to the researches of British and national scientists as for agricultural education. As a result of the research the background of the foundation of the Royal Agricultural College (later University) at Cirencester is analyzed. The system of higher agricultural education developed in several phases. Many factors contributed to it. The Royal Agricultural College was the first institution to attempt to provide agricultural education at a high level. It combined two characteristics of formal studies in agriculture in the early nineteenth century: its promotion by independent, private initiative and its concern with basic scientific knowledge. The educational facilities of the College were generous. The peculiarities of the training course, practical training, exams and the system of encouragement for educational and practical achievements are touched upon. In the conclusion we stated the fact that the Royal Agricultural College at Cirencester had influenced greatly the establishment and development of some new agricultural colleges because for many years the colleges had followed the example of the Royal Agricultural College in providing training courses which had combined practical with theoretical training for those who had wished to make a career in agriculture and farming. The thing of great importance is the fact that knowledge should be provided to assist in the solution of the nation’s economic problems. This experience is useful to Ukraine. The prospects for further research in this direction are to analyze, organize, synthesize, and critically reflect on the experience of Great Britain in the field of agricultural education. This in turn will give the opportunity to make more informed and correct decisions regarding the reform of the Ukrainian educational system in the field of professional training for agriculture.
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