СОВОКУПНЫЙ КАПИТАЛ, ЕГО СТРУКТУРА И ВЗАИМОСВЯЗЬ С ТРУДОВОЙ МИГРАЦИЕЙ (НА ПРИМЕРЕ ЛАТГАЛИИ)
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AGGREGATE CAPITAL, ITS STRUCTURE AND INTERACTION WITH LABOUR MIGRATION (THE CASE OF LATGALE)
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In the late 20th – early 21st centuries, sociologists more and more frequently are using the theory of capital, the development of which was greatly contributed by Pierre Bourdieu. In the article, there are substantiated the necessity and the possibility to use the theory of capital evaluating and analyzing situations in different spheres of social life, including employment, labour migration. In 2012, the sociologists of the Institute of Social Research, Daugavpils University, carried out a research project “Aggregate Capital, Its Structure and Relation to Labour Migration”, where the theory of total capital was widely used. The project was aimed to evaluate the volume and structure of the total capital of Latgale region’s inhabitants, taking into account state’s needs for its social and economical development and different needs of region’s inhabitants, in particular connected to the labour migration. Using results of different studies aiming to examine the competiveness of employed part of Latvians as well as the role of different types of capital, hypothesis has been highlighted – basis for growth of the human capital (at the same time for the growth of financial and social wellbeing of region’s inhabitants) is the cultural capital of family. Executing the study basic hypothesis has been acknowledged: in the modern environment of the “society of knowledge”, having a high proportion of the services sector, the basis for the growth of the human capital (that in fact has a direct effect on the economical capital) is the cultural capital of personality. For the major part of economically active inhabitants the cultural capital is not only a source of social and moral benefits, but also a source of financial income. Also additional hypothesis has been proved – higher predisposition for the labour migration is more typical for economically active region’s inhabitants with fairly high amounts of some indicators of the total capital, especially physical capital, but with comparatively lower amount of the cultural capital, which could transform into the human capital, and further into the economical capital in Latgale or Latvia.
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