Utilization of capital resources in farms with the predominance of crop production in Poland on the example of Dolnośląskie Voivodeship
Wykorzystanie zasobów kapitału w gospodarstwach rolnych z przewagą produkcji roślinnej w Polsce na przykładzie województwa donośląskiego
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The aim of the article was to evaluate the utilization of capital factor in farms with the dominant crop production. Such farms occur in Poland in Dolnośląskie Voivodeship. This voivodeship, despite very favorable natural conditions, has weaker and weaker production results compared to other parts of the country. There were used data from mass research (CSO, FADN) and own research conducted in 2013 on a sample of 282 farms from Dolnośląskie Voivodeship. Using survey and literature a material was gathered which was analyzed by simple statistical methods. Studies have shown that farms in the voivodeship have outdated production assets and were underfunded. EU subsidies are spent primarily on current activities and investments are financed mainly from loans. Furthermore, the capital of farms in the voivodeship is characterized by lower productivity than the capital of farms in the country as a whole. It is therefore used in a worse way.
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