PL EN


2019 | 1 (269) | 49-62
Article title

Wszystko we właściwym czasie –tradycyjny chiński kalendarz i almanach

Content
Title variants
EN
Everything in its Own Time. Traditional Chinese Calendar and Almanac
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
The aim of the article is to picture the characteristics and functions of traditional Chinese calendars and almanacs. In traditional Chinese society, great attention was paid to everything being done at the “right time”. Primarily, this only concerned matters strictly related to field works and rituals, but over time, attempts to harmonize human activities with the course of nature led to the point that almost every sphere of Chinese life depended on the positive or negative influence of the prevailing time. The ability to “manage time” properly was what made the ruler the Son of Heaven. This resulted in the creation of an extremely complicated system of time notation, which involved many different, mutually complementary methods based on natural cycles and historical periods. Calendars and almanacs played the role of a “temporal map” used to guide people in a world of complex relations between time and human life.
Keywords
Year
Issue
Pages
49-62
Physical description
Dates
published
2019-01-13
Contributors
References
  • Aslaksen, Helmer. The Mathematics of Chinese Calendar. National University of Singapore, 2010.
  • Chěng, Rèn (任骋). Zhōngguó mínsú jìnjì zhì (中国民俗禁忌志) [Chińskie przesądy ludowe]. Shandong jiaoyu chubanshe, 2005.
  • Cooper, Eugene. Ten-Section Systems, Omaha Kinship, and Dispersed Alliance Among the Ancient Chinese. „Current Anthropology”, t. 24, nr 3, 1983, s. 327–341.
  • Dubs, Homer. The Beginnings of Chinese Astronomy. „Journal of the American Oriental Society”, t. 78, nr 4, 1958, s. 295–299.
  • Huang, Junjie, Henderson, John. Notions of Time in Chinese Historical Thinking. Chinese University Press, 2006.
  • Huang, Junjie, Zurcher, Erik (red.). Time and Space in Chinese Culture. BRILL, 1995.
  • Künstler, Mieczysław. Mitologia chińska. Oficyna Wydawnicza Auriga, 2006.
  • Lǐ, Líng (李零). Guǎnzi sānshí shíjié yǔ èrshísì jiéqì (管子三十时节与二十四节气) [Trzydzieści okresów i dwadzieścia cztery okresy solarna w Gunazi]. „Guanzixue gan”, nr 2, 1988, s. 2.
  • Li, Mengyu. The Unique Values of Chinese Traditional Cultural Time Orientation: In Comparison with Western Cultural Time Orientation. Ocean University of China, 2008.
  • Liú, Ěr (刘耳), Liú, Qiáo (刘乔). Jiǎzǐ yǔ gānzhī jìnián yánjiū (甲子与干支纪年研究) [Badania nad wykorzystaniem jiazi, pni i gałęzi do zapisu lat]. Chongqing University Publishing House, 2010.
  • Liu, Shu-hsien. Time and Temporality: The Chinese Perspectiv. „Philosophy East and West”, t. 24, nr 2, 1974, s. 145-152.
  • Mrugała Łukasz. Metody notacji czasu w kulturze chińskiej i ich zastosowania (niepublikowana praca magisterska). Uniwersytet Warszawski, Warszawa 2016.
  • Poo, Mu-chou. „How to Steer Through Life: Negotiating Fate in the Daybook”. The Magnitude of Ming: Command, Allotment, and Fate in Chinese Culture, red. Lupke Christian, University of Hawai’i Press, 2005, s. 107-128.
  • Smith, Adam. „The Chinese Sexagenary Cycle and the Ritual Origins of the Calendar”. Calendars and Years II: Astronomy and Time in the Ancient and Medieval World, red. John Steele, Oxbow Books, 2010.
  • Smith, Richard. An Overview of Divination in China from the Song through The Qing. Rice University, 2012.
  • Smith, Richard. Chinese Almanacs. Oxford University Press, 1993.
  • Wesołowski, Zbigniew. „Religijność u podstaw tradycji chińskiej i społeczeństwa”. Zrozumieć Chińczyków: Kulturowe kody społeczności chińskich, red. Ewa Zajdler, Dialog, 2011.
  • Wilkinson, Endymion. Chinese History: A Newe Manual. Harvard University Asia Center, 2013.
  • Xiè, Qiūhuì (谢秋慧) red. Wànnián lì (万年历) [Kalendarz dziesięciu tysięcy lat]. Jiangsu Fenghuang Kexue Jishu chubanshe, 2015.
  • Zhāng, Bīngyú (张冰隅). Nónglì yǔ mínsú wénhuà (农历与民俗文化) [Tradycyjny kalendarz a kultura ludowa]. Shanghai jiaoyu chubanshe, 2008.
  • https://wenku.baidu.com/view/f0d5a167b84ae45c3b358ccf.html?re=view [11.12.2018].
  • https://www.meiguoshenpo.com/rili/d19089.html [10.12.2018].
  • http://www.360doc.com/content/15/0808/21/20267056_490400894.shtml [15.12.2018].
  • http://mm.httpcn.com/Mingli/Clock/HuangLi.shtml [14.12.2018].
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
ISSN
0033-2283
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-161f5199-9b61-4674-80fa-ebc05e83516b
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.