От benedectio к maledictio: Некоторые аспекты политики, проводимой Бонифацием VIII в борьбе с врагами церкви в контексте первого юбилея
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Inaugurated by Boniface VIII the First Holy year in response to popular enthusiasm was one of the greatest revivals of the Middle Ages. Jubilee was conceived officially on the basis of the Old Testament, as a special year of universal pardon, when to the faithful made a remission of sins, and it was firmly linked to the crusade tradition. One of this controversial subject connected with the First Holly year is a fresco in the Lateran basilica by an artist, who may have been Giotto. And it depicts the pope in act of promulgating of Jubilee and contains a phrase Ad perpetuam rei memoriam. The same phrase was used in a lot of sources, which were associated with a struggle against the enemies of the Church during the pontificate of Boniface VIII. That category of enemies included a various persons, like the Colonna family, the members of the Franciscan Third Order, the King Frederick III of Sicily and the King Philip IV of France. Upon primary analysis follows, that we can talk about new making of the “malediction” ceremony linked with the Popes conception of power and its symbolism. Jubilee signified a great deal in this context.
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