2016 | 13 | 351-367
Article title

Language, communication, observation and coupling in second-order change

Title variants
Langage, communication, observation et accouplement dans le changement de deuxième ordre
Język, komunikacja, obserwacja i sprzężenie w procesie zmiany
Languages of publication
Evidence and research shows that coaching and cognitive therapies bring desired effects to a considerable number of those choosing to undergo the methods they offer. Although these results have been in many instances well documented, still too little, if anything, has been said about the core reasons of this effectiveness. Our claim in this text is that language use plays a pivotal role. Substantiating this view, we found classical models of communication and change inade-quate, thus we propose an alternative approach. The new biocognitive perspective allows us to integrate language, communication and change in one model based on an ecological stance. In order to design this model we redefine cognition following Maturana (1980), as an ability to respond to environmental events. This leads us to employ Maturana’s concept of structural coupling (Maturana 1975) and the notion of cognitive domain as well as his understanding of languag-ing. As a result, we receive a model of communication which might cast more light on the mechanisms behind second-order change.
Les recherches et les faits montrent que le coaching et les psychothérapies cognitives sont efficaces pour un grand nombre de personnes qui décident de recourir à ce type d’aide cognitive. Bien que les résultats des thérapies et du coaching soient bien documentés pour de nombreux cas, on n’a pas assez commenté les principales raisons de leur efficacité. Le présent texte propose une explication selon laquelle c’est le langage qui joue le rôle principal dans les changements. Les modèles classiques qui décrivent les mécanismes et l’essence de la communication linguistique se révèlent incapables d’expliquer les causes des découvertes dont on parle ci-dessus, une approche alternative, s’inscrivant dans le courant biocognitif, est donc proposée. Cette nouvelle perspective cognitive permet d’intégrer les notions-clés du langage, de la communication et du changement dans un modèle basé sur l’attitude écologique. Pour établir ce modèle, la notion de connaissance a été reformulée suivant la proposition de Maturana et Varela (1980) qui la définissaient comme une capacité de réagir aux événements de l’environnement. Cela donne un modèle de communication qui peut éclairer les mécanismes qui se cachent derrière le changement de deuxième ordre.
Badania i fakty pokazują, że coaching oraz terapie poznawcze przynoszą pożądane skutki w przypadku znacznej liczby osób, które decydują się skorzystać z tych kognitywnych form pomocowych. Choć wyniki procesów terapeutycznych i coachingowych są w wielu przypadkach dobrze udokumentowane, wciąż zbyt mało, o ile cokolwiek, zostało powiedziane na temat głównych powodów ich skuteczności. Niniejszy tekst prezentuje stanowisko, zgodnie z którym to język odgrywa zasadniczą rolę w zmianie. Klasyczne modele opisujące mechanizmy i istotę komunikacji językowej okazują się niewystarczające do wyjaśnienia przyczyn powyższych odkryć, stąd propozycja alternatywnego podejścia w nurcie biokognitywnym. Ta nowa perspektywa poznawcza po-zwala zintegrować kluczowe pojęcia języka, komunikacji i zmiany w jednym modelu w oparciu o postawę ekologiczną. W celu opracowania tego modelu przedefiniujemy pojęcie poznania za Maturaną i Varelą (1980) ujmując je jako zdolność do reagowania na zdarzenia środowiskowe. W rezultacie otrzymamy model komunikacji, który może rzucić więcej światła na mechanizmy stojące za zmianą drugiego rzędu.
Physical description
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