The article deals with the fact, that in the run of many centuries Ukrainian pedagogical heritage was constantly overthrown, smothered and annihilated. This propagated ideology in the spheres of up-bringing and education was absolutely extraneous to folk pedagogy, where humanism was highly priced on the contrary to spiritual serfdom and the loss of the human life value. It caused weakening of the best human qualities, human values, the loss of values of everything national, not knowing of history, culture and traditions. As a result, modern researches indicate the insufficient level of knowledge or even the total absence of knowledge of the main aspects of ethnology, folk pedagogy and Ukrainian ethnopedagogy. That’s why our article is focused on elaborating of the place and role of Ukrainian national pedagogy in the modern generation’s education; on the profound scientific analyses. This problem is actual and interesting from scientific, ethnographic and pedagogical points of view. At the same time not less powerful is the process of ethnology, folk pedagogy and Ukrainian ethnopedagogy establishment due to the modern social-historical realities, determined by the will of Ukrainians to save and elaborate their identity. The article observes the significance of the folk pedagogy to the modern system of education. The importance of elaborating of national system of education, based on Ukrainian pedagogical heritage, is stressed. The attention is focused on the problem of preserving the achievements of the pedagogical heritage of the past and of its connections with scientific pedagogy, methods and modern technologies. The author stresses on the importance of an integral approach implementation while studying folk pedagogy and science pedagogy in educational establishments. However, historical-pedagogical experience showed that real education must be based on scientific and folk pedagogies integration. Preschool educational establishments must carry out up-bringing process on the basis of Ukrainian folk pedagogy, Ukrainian nursery traditions and modern scientific-pedagogical achievements. It is stressed, that higher educational establishments faced with the problem of the new generation of kindergarteners training in accordance to Ukrainian folk ideology.