2012 | 2(8) | 215-229
Article title

Частицы в словенском языке

Title variants
Particles in Slovenian
Languages of publication
In order to have clear and effective communication one needs to keep open as many linguistic and pragmatic options as possible and utilise them in the formation of texts in the context of normative-stylistic requirements. The relation to what is being said and the circumstances of the spoken situation are expressed particularly through particles, which is why they are functionally very lively linguistic components of everyday communication. With their semantic-ceontextual role they actualise what is expressed and at the same time condense the message. The particle is one of those non-parts-of-speech that fulfils the textual role of the connector and is, more particularly, ranked among inter-predicate connectors or the connectors in supra-predicate texts. Inparticular, connectors establish relations, which is why particles are therefore textual cohesive devices and modifiers of propositional relations in the text; particle connective items in particular introduce a sort of co-predicate and the relation to the context, which is why they are mostly textual phenomena. Since particles play primarily a textual role, they are also particularly meaningful words, which can be reasonably used in a text, especially in one's first language; they maintain a strong communicative (connective) role. From the communicative-pragmatic perspective, particles are divided into two main categories, namely the connecting (text) particles resulting from pragmatic circumstances, and mood (interpersonal) particles resulting from communicative relationships. Mood particles focus either on the participants, the circumstances, the verbal process or the quantity, e.g. bogvaruj, končno, dejansko, baje, nikar, while the connecting particles highlight textual coherence and cohesion, e.g. celo, kaj šele, drugače, sicer pa, torej, etc. The most comprehensive and functional semantic-circumstantial evaluation of particles can be found in lexical representation.
Physical description
  • University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Philosophy
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
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