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2019 | 8 | 3 | 645-680
Article title

The State, Law, Religion, and Justice in Cicero’s The Republic and The Laws: An Aristotelian-Thomistic Interpretation

Authors
Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
The writings of Marcus Tullius Cicero are often referred to by natural law theorists. But how do various points of Cicero’s philosophy of law—and of religion, justice, and the state—compare with similar themes from Aristotle and St. Thomas Aquinas? In this paper, I suggest a Thomistic-Aristotelian reading of Cicero as a way to contextualize and supplement the Roman philosopher’s work with more robust insights from Aristotle and St. Thomas, and especially from Aristotle as interpreted by St. Thomas in the later light of the Incarnation. I also show that Cicero’s natural law philosophy is inconsistent when taken on its own terms. Therefore, Cicero’s natural law philosophy—as well as his philosophy of religion, justice, and the state—should be subjected to a more critical examination by natural law scholars today.
Year
Volume
8
Issue
3
Pages
645-680
Physical description
Dates
published
2019-08-20
Contributors
author
  • Reitaku University, Chiba, Japan
References
  • A Summa of the Summa: The Essential Philosophical Passages of St. Thomas Aquinas’ Summa Theologica. Edited and Explained for Beginners, edited by Peter Kreeft. San Francisco, Calif.: Ignatius Press, 1990.
  • Aquinas, Thomas. Commentary on the Nicomachean Ethics. Translated by C. I. Litzinger, O.P. Chicago: Henry Regnery Company, 1964. Available online at: https://dhspriory.org/thomas/Ethics.htm. Accessed Dec. 2, 2018.
  • Aquinas, Thomas. Summa Theologiae. Second and Revised Edition, 1920. Literally translated by Fathers of the English Dominican Province. Available online at: http://www.newadvent.org/summa/index.html. Accessed Dec. 2, 2018.
  • Austin, Nicholas. Aquinas on Virtue: A Causal Reading. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press, 2017.
  • Blythe, James M. “The Mixed Constitution and the Distinction between Regal and Political Power in the Work of Thomas Aquinas.” Journal of the History of Ideas 47, no. 4 (October–December 1986): 547–565. DOI: 10.2307/2709717.
  • Cicero. The Republic and The Laws. Translated by Niall Rudd. Introduction and notes by Jonathan Powell and Niall Rudd. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998.
  • Keys, Mary M. “Aquinas’s Two Pedagogies: A Reconsideration of the Relation between Law and Moral Virtue.” American Journal of Political Science 45, no. 3 (July 2001): 519–531. DOI: 10.2307/2669236.
  • LeBar, Mark, and Michael Slote. “Justice as a Virtue.” In The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, edited by Edward N. Zalta. Spring 2016 Edition. Available online at: https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/spr2016/entries/justice-virtue/. Accessed Dec. 2, 2018.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
ISSN
2300-0066
ISSN
2577–0314
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-19de2f8b-588a-4479-85fb-444022d1035a
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