2018 | 14/II | 241-260
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In this paper, the necessity of architectural approach change of workplace design is identified because of the change in the way business processes are used to challenge the transition from the post-industrial to the information society. Transformation is explained firstly by changing the interpretation of the territory of workplace, which today requires new extended definitions. Understanding transformation of the territory of workspace, whose physical frames do not follow fast information society and the modern work processes changes, goes through interdisciplinary approach. By analyzing the theories of organization - classical and contemporary, based on the views of Manuel Castell’s social theory and space of flows, the paper argues that the network society has key impact on the transformation of the working areas in office buildings. Transformation divides areas on the „places” and “the spaces of flows”, and formats of territorial and non-territorial workplaces. The aim of the paper is to determine the basis for defining the modern architectural approach and critical attitude in designing office facilities and workspaces. The paper presents three case studies during last three decades – transformations that includes business processes and workspace changes, which was prepared for many years and interdisciplinary, with different results achieved.
W niniejszym artykule autor próbuje dokonać (re)interpretacji terminu nieterytorialnego miejsca pracy, którego poprawne zrozumienie jest kluczowe podczas projektowania nowoczesnych budynków biurowych. Jaki wpływ na projektowanie miejsc pracy ma rozwój technologii informacyjnej? Aby odpowiedzieć na to pytanie należy najpierw dostrzec i zrozumieć dokonujący się proces transformacji obszaru roboczego, którego fizyczne ramy nie podążają za szybkim społeczeństwem informacyjnym, a współczesne procesy robocze wciąż ulegają zmianom. Analizując teorie organizacji – klasyczne i współczesne, oparte na poglądach teorii społecznej Manuela Castells'a i przestrzeni przepływów, artykuł dowodzi, że społeczeństwo sieciowe ma kluczowy wpływ na przekształcenia miejsc pracy w budynkach biurowych. Transformacja ta dzieli je na „miejsca” i „przestrzenie przepływów” oraz formaty miejsc pracy terytorialnych i nieterytorialnych. Celem artykułu jest określenie podstaw do zdefiniowania nowoczesnego podejścia architektonicznego i krytycznego w projektowaniu obiektów biurowych. W pracy przedstawiono trzy studia przypadków (z trzech ostatnich dekad). Są to transformacje obejmujące procesy biznesowe i obszary robocze.
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