Kultura jako organismus, aneb pojetí kultury u Oswalda Spenglera a Alfreda Louise Kroebera
CULTURE AS ORGANISM OR CONCEPT OF CULTURE OF OSWALD SPENGLER AND ALFRED LOUIS KROEBER
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The article compares the concepts of culture of German historian Oswald Spengler and American anthropologist Alfred Louis Kroeber. They both shared interest in comparative study of civilizations and some similar approaches to it, based on an assumption, that culture is a distinct level of reality. It means that it is nonreducible to its parts, but on the contrary it controls them. This conception is sometimes refered to as superorganic. Their motivations for adopting this peculiar conception vary and hence it carries some different implications for each of them. The concepts and methods that follow from it are analyzed in this work. The explicit comparison is made in the end of the work.
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