2016 | 15 | 21-42
Article title

The Nature and Determinants of High-value Household Deposits in the Euro Area

Title variants
Jakość dużych depozytów detalicznych i determinanty ich występowania w krajach strefy euro
Languages of publication
This paper analyses the occurrence and nature of high-value deposits in selected euro area countries and the determinants of a household’s propensity to possess them. The analysis is conducted on household-level data and based on logistic regression. Due to the rarity of high-value deposits in euro area households, the sample of households surveyed is balanced in accordance with G. S. Maddala’s approach. The results reveal considerable diversification in high-value deposits as a proportion of total deposits in euro area households. Some of the features of households and reference persons, such as attitudes to financial risk, saving aims, overall investment preferences, and the priority accorded to deposits compared to other financial assets, suggest that high-value deposits are of a long-term nature. The study finds that wealth, and certain socio-demographic characteristics, have a statistically significant influence on the likelihood of holding high-value deposits.
W artykule zaprezentowano jedną z regulacyjnych kategorii depozytów detalicznych – tzw. duże depozyty gospodarstw domowych i podjęto próbę oceny ich wrażliwości na odpływ. W pracy opisano także czynniki determinujące skłonność gospodarstw domowych do posiadania takich aktywów. Analizę przeprowadzono na podstawie danych jednostkowych o gospodarstwach domowych pochodzących z bazy Eurosystemu Household Finance and Consumption Survey. W celu identyfikacji determinant występowania dużych depozytów zastosowano metodę regresji logistycznej. Ze względu na fakt, że depozyty należące do opisywanej kategorii stanowią rzadką cechę gospodarstw domowych, badanie przeprowadzono na próbie zbilansowanej, zgodnie z podejściem proponowanym przez G. S. Maddalę. Uzyskane wyniki wskazują na zróżnicowane udziały dużych depozytów w ogóle depozytów deklarowanych przez gospodarstwa domowe w poszczególnych krajach strefy euro. Ponadto pozwoliły one określić cechy gospodarstw domowych odnoszące się do sytuacji finansowej oraz cech społeczno-demograficznych, które istotnie wpływają na prawdopodobieństwo posiadania dużych depozytów.
Physical description
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