Polityka niemieckich i radzieckich okupantów wobec polskiego ziemiaństwa w latach II wojny światowej
The German and Soviet Occupants’ Policy towards the Polish Landed Gentry in the Years of the Second War
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The article aims at the presentation of the Soviet and German occupants’ policy towards the polish landed gentry in the years 1939–1945. An analysis of operations both totalitarian regimes possessing high social prestige in the interwar Poland was conducted. The study presents the aims that occupants wanted to gain from the social and property elite of the occupied country. This paper shows the collation of the two occupants’ operations. In the Soviet zone the occupants aspired to elimination the polish landed gentry as a social rank, whilst in the German zone weakening the position and the isolation in the Polish society were the objectives. The gentry property war employed by Germans led to the exploitation of agriculture in General – Gouvernement. The Soviet authorities used the Polish landed gentry to rationalise abolishment of the old order. In practice, it meant liquidation of the gentry’s property through nationalization and the appropriation of effects and immovables. It was often connected with illegal annexation and devastation.
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