PL EN


Journal
2014 | 25 | 105-126
Article title

„Idź i pracuj w mojej winnicy” (Mt 21,28). Praca w przypowieściach Ewangelii synoptycznych

Authors
Content
Title variants
EN
„Go and Work in My Vineyard” (Matt 21:28). Work in the Parables of the Synoptic Gospels
Languages of publication
Abstracts
EN
Parables occupy a significant place in Jesus’ prophesizing and teachings about the Kingdom of God. One of their characteristic traits, as a literary genre, are references to Jesus’ and His listeners’ daily lives. The article presents the analysis of the synoptic parables focused on human work. The material has been divided into two major parts. The first one analyzes the occupations referred to in the parables and the type of work they involve. The second one reflects on the elements of labor law, in particular the employment contracts and related remuneration. The analyzed parables constitute a unique kaleidoscope of occupations existing in the society of the time. Among them, of particular prominence are those connected with land cultivation and farming, such as farmer, sower, harvester, gardener, vineyard keeper and shepherd. Moreover, Jesus’ parables include other occupations such as fisherman, manager, judge, merchant, and banker. Jesus also refers to jobs and tasks such as : guarding and opening the doors (doorkeeper), preparing a feast, waiting tables, taking care of the house, making bread dough, tower building, playing dance music at weddings, wailing and lamenting at funerals. Drawing on Jesus’ parables, one can also notice a wide range of different categories of people who performed particular jobs and tasks. A reference is made to a field owner, vineyard owner, house owner, manager who on behalf of the host administers goods, lease holders, hired and seasonal workers and servants (slaves). The parables also show us the ways of providing reward for work. Servants often performed their duties in exchange for accommodation and food; lease holders in exchange for profit sharing, whereas hired and seasonal workers in exchange for a fixed remuneration. Should the Bible be seen as a specific album presenting photographs of working people, then Jesus’ parables are undoubtedly of particular interest.
Journal
Year
Volume
25
Pages
105-126
Physical description
Contributors
  • Wydział Teologiczny UAM w Poznaniu
References
  • Fabris R., Matteo. Traduzione e commento (Roma 1996)
  • Jankowski Augustyn, Królestwo Boże w przypowieściach (Kraków 2008)
  • Jaromin J., Wartość Królestwa Bożego w przypowieściach ewangelii synoptycznych (Bibliotheca Biblica; Wrocław 2008)
  • Kiedzik M., „Ewangelia pracy – biblijne podstawy etosu pracy”, Studia Bydgoskie 1 (2007) 146.
  • Kudasiewicz Józef, „Nowotestamentalne rozumienie pracy na tle ówczesnych poglądów”, Życie społeczne w Biblii (red. G. Witaszek) (Lublin 1998) 46
  • L. Ryken – J.C. Wilhoit – T. Longman III, Słownik symboliki biblijnej (Warszawa 1998)
  • Mickiewicz F., Ewangelia według świętego Łukasza. Rozdziały 12–24. Wstęp, przekład z oryginału, komentarz (NKB.NT III/1; Częstochowa 2012)
  • Minear P.S., „Work and Vocation in Scripture”, Work and Vocations (red. J.O. Nelson) (New York 1954) 33.
  • Paciorek Antoni, Ewangelia według świętego Mateusza, cz. I (Częstochowa 22005)
  • Paciorek Antoni, Przypowieści Jezusa (Częstochowa 2013)
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  • Wierzbicka A., Co mówi Jezus? (Warszawa 2002)
  • Witaszek G., „Biblijne podstawy własności prywatnej”, Życie społeczne w Biblii (red. G. Witaszek) (Lublin 1998) 32.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-1b5c604c-fe87-442a-9bf0-6ef6208515d4
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