PL EN


2020 | vol. 64, nr 1 | 174-182
Article title

Considerations on the admissibility of state aid in the EU − interpretation problems of public funds transfer

Content
Title variants
PL
Rozważania o dopuszczalności pomocy publicznej w UE − problemy interpretacyjne transferu środków publicznych
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
The purpose of the article is to analyse the admissibility of granting state aid in the European Union from the perspective of meeting the Treaty condition for the use of public resources. The category “granted by a Member State or through state resources”, involves two different tests, which have been only further developed and specified in the most recent case law. Unfortunately, the case law and legal commentaries have not always drawn a clear distinction between these two levels. Firstly, it is necessary to ascertain whether the measure is “imputable” to the Member State. The second part of the double test involves ascertaining whether the measure in question leads to a burden on the state budget. This criterion too derives from the language of Article 107 par. 1 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) and the necessity of restricting the definition of the term “State aid”. This division will be maintained to the extent in this paper.
Celem artykułu jest analiza dopuszczalności udzielania pomocy publicznej w Unii Europejskiej z punktu widzenia spełnienia warunku traktatowego dotyczącego wykorzystania środków publicznych. Kategoria definicyjna pomocy przyznanej przez państwo członkowskie lub przy użyciu zasobów państwowych obejmuje dwa różne testy, które zostały dopiero dopracowane i określone w najnowszym orzecznictwie. Niestety, w orzecznictwie i komentarzach prawnych nie dokonano wyraźnego rozróżnienia między tymi dwoma poziomami. Po pierwsze, konieczne jest ustalenie, czy dany środek można „przypisać” państwu członkowskiemu. Druga część tego podwójnego testu polega na sprawdzeniu, czy dany środek prowadzi do obciążenia budżetu państwa. Również to kryterium wynika z brzmienia art. 107 ust. 1 Traktatu o funkcjonowaniu Unii Europejskiej (TFUE) i konieczności doprecyzowania definicji pojęcia „pomoc publiczna”. Podział ten zostanie utrzymany w zakresie przedstawionym w niniejszym artykule.
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-1b5e2a94-ac80-4f04-941e-0d19ec5e2f6d
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