Obraz Żyda w szmoncesie kabaretowym
The picture of a Jew in a cabaret szmonces
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This article is devoted to reconstructing the picture of the Jews in szmonces cabaret of the interwar period. For this purpose semantic and semantic-formal mechanisms have been analysed on a variety of language levels: phonetic, inflexional, formative, lexical and syntactic. The linguistic analysis shows that szmonces applies the stereotype of the Jew, prevailing in the culture. This stereotype comprises the following: the origin and the unique language, being a mixture of Polish and Yiddish, appearance (a beard and sidelocks, a long coat) and characteristic smell, personality traits (sly, greedy, cowardly, etc.) and occupation (a merchant, a usurer, a banker, a craftsman). The presented picture of the Jew was a popular element of comic entertainment in the Polish cabaret before the Second World War.
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