PL EN


2017 | 65 | 3 | 71-51
Article title

Metateoria historii woli. Rozważania o powstaniu i wczesnym rozwoju pojęcia woli od V w p.n.e. do Maksyma Wyznawcy

Authors
Content
Title variants
EN
Metatheory of a History of Will: Reflections on the Origins and Early Development of the Notion of the Will from the 5th Century B.C. to Maxi­mus the Confessor
Languages of publication
PL EN
Abstracts
PL
W tekście omawiam metateoretyczne uwarunkowania dla historii powstania i rozwoju pojęcia wolnej woli. Punktem wyjścia jest zagadnienie pojęcia spekulatywnego. Ponieważ wola jest pojęciem spekulatywnym, nie ma jednoznacznej definicji tego pojęcia. Dlatego też utrudnione jest badanie jego historii, ponieważ autorzy starożytni operowali różnymi teoriami chcenia i wolności, które nie zawsze były ze sobą kompatybilne. Następnie omawiam teorie chcenia i działania wybranych autorów, które miały istotny wpływ na późniejszy rozwój pojęcia woli. Rozpatruję pojęcie wyboru Platona, pojęcia życzenia i wyboru Arystotelesa, pojęcie przy­zwo­lenia stoików, teorię wolności Epikura, teorię wyboru Aleksandra z Afrodyzji, pojęcie woli Augustyna z Hippony i teorię woli Maksyma Wyznawcy.
EN
In the text, I discuss the metatheoretical aspects of a history of the origins and development of the notion of free will. I begin with the notion of a speculative concept. Since the will is a speculative concept there is no unequivocal definition of this notion. For this reason the study of the history of this notion is particularly difficult, since ancient authors have operated on dif­ferent theories of willing and freedom, which were not always mutually compatible. Next, I dis­cuss the theories of willing and action of select authors, that had a significant influence on the later development of the theory of the will. I discuss the notion of choice in Plato, the notions of wish and choice in Aristotle, the notion of assent in the Stoics, the theory of freedom of Epicurus, the theory of choice of Alexander of Aphrodisias, the concept of will in Augustine of Hippo, and the theory of will in Maximus the Confessor.
Year
Volume
65
Issue
3
Pages
71-51
Physical description
Contributors
  • Uniwersytet Jagielloński
References
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-1b9b4c93-3526-4f90-baf6-7720f407d82a
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