PL EN


2016 | 4(42) | 483–492
Article title

Livelihood diversification and income: a case study of communities resident along the Kiri dam, Adamawa State, Nigeria

Content
Title variants
PL
Zróżnicowanie źródeł utrzymania a dochody: studium przypadku społeczności zamieszkujących przy Zaporze Kiri w Stanie Adamawa w Nigerii
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
This research analysed livelihood diversifi cation and income in resident communities along the Kiri Dam, Adamawa state, Nigeria. The specifi c objectives of the study were: to describe the socio-economic characteristics of the respondents, assess the level of livelihood diversifi cation of the respondents, analyse income of the respondents, identify factors associated with varying levels of income, and identify constraints to livelihood diversifi cation in the area. A multistage sampling technique was used to collect primary data from 120 respondents from the study area. The data collected were subjected to descriptive and inferential statistical analysis. The results showed that the majority of the respondents were male (78%), married (76%), educated (70%), below 60 years of age (93%) and employed in agricultural activities (83%). The Simpson index of diversifi cation shows that 43% of the respondents diversify at an average level. The majority (60%) of the respondents’ annual income is over ₦ 200,000. The ordinary least square estimation shows that age, marital status, education, irrigation activities, fi shing, farm size and level of diversifi cation aff ect income level in the area. The main constraints to diversifi ed livelihood in the area were a lack of basic social infrastructure, a hippopotamus menace and fl ooding. The study recommended the provision of social infrastructure and the control of hippopotamuses.
PL
W niniejszym artykule przeprowadzono analizę zróżnicowania źródeł utrzymania oraz poziomu dochodów spo- łeczności zamieszkujących przy zaporze Kiri w stanie Adamawa w Nigerii. Szczegółowe cele badania to: określenie socjoekonomicznego profi lu respondentów, ocena poziomu różnorodności źródeł ich utrzymania, analiza dochodu, identyfi kacja czynników wpływających na poziom dochodów oraz identyfi kacja ograniczeń w zróżnicowaniu źródeł utrzymania na badanym obszarze. Na potrzeby pozyskania danych podstawowych od 120 respondentów posłużono się techniką doboru wielostopniowego. Zgromadzone dane poddano opisowi oraz wnioskowaniu statystycznemu. Przeprowadzone analizy wykazały, że większość (78%) respondentów to mężczyźni, osoby pozostające w związku małżeńskim (76%) i wykształcone (70%). Aż 93% badanych miało poniżej 60 lat i zajmowało się rolnictwem (83%). Wskaźnik Simpsona wykazał, że 43% respondentów charakteryzowało się różnorodnością na poziomie przeciętnym. Roczny dochód większości (60%) respondentów wynosił ponad 200 tys. ₦. Oszacowanie klasyczną metodą najmniejszych kwadratów wykazało, że wiek, stan cywilny, wykształcenie, działalność w zakresie nawadniania i rybołówstwa, wielkość gospodarstwa oraz poziom różnorodności wpływały na poziom dochodu na badanym obszarze. Głównymi ograniczeniami zróżnicowania źródła utrzymania były: brak infrastruktury społecznej, szkody wyrządzane przez hipopotamy oraz powodzie. Zaleca się zapewnienie odpowiedniej infrastruktury społecznej i opanowanie zagrożenia ze strony zwierząt
Year
Issue
Pages
483–492
Physical description
Contributors
  • Modibbo Adama University of Technology, Yola, Nigeria
  • Modibbo Adama University of Technology, Yola, Nigeria
  • Modibbo Adama University of Technology, Yola, Nigeria
  • Federal University Wukari, Nigeria
  • Modibbo Adama University of Technology, Yola, Nigeria
  • Modibbo Adama University of Technology, Yola, Nigeria
References
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-1c2b60f8-95f7-4252-b6a8-0953c080bf7e
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