Městská kolejová doprava v rakouském železničním zákonodárství do roku 1914 na příkladu Brna, Ostravy a Olomouce
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Urban mass Transportation (streetcar, horse car) in Austrian railway lawmaking before 1914
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At the beginning of 1870s, the tramway with animate power were quite independent on Austrian railway laws. In the period before 1894 the problem of character of horse/streetcars ant its corporation into new railway law was discussed, but this negotiations were not successful. Until 1894 the urban mass transportation was divided into two independent legislative groups. The first one was made by horse car and the second was made by steam streetcars and local railways. The biggest change came in the year 1894, when the government of the Austro-Hungarian Empire passed new law. Based on this law, the streetcars no matter of drive made a special group of light railways with specific articles. Generally, the progress was characterized by growing attention to local economical, social and spatial needs of cities or regions. This legislative changes also bounced in development of urban mass transport in Moravian cities Brno, Ostrava and Olomouc. The different types of urban mass transport were based on different laws. This situation was also mirrored in form of drive, operator and provider of horse car and streetcar. It could be private enterprise as in case of Brno and Ostrava or municipality as in case of Olomouc.
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