PL EN


2011 | 12 - Problemy bogactwa i biedy we współczesnej Afryce | 447-467
Article title

Zubożenie ludności miejskiej w Afryce Zachodniej

Content
Title variants
EN
Growing poverty of urban population in West Africa
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
Since about twenty years the poverty of urban population in West Africa is growing. This impoverishment is due to the draconian limitation of public expenses and persistent economic crisis. Based on the documents of DIAL (Development, Institutions and Globalization) Centre in Paris the paper demands for the causes of this situation. First, the author presents the actual situation of deficiency of food and rapid increase of prices. In that circumstances the middle-class employees (teachers, health and public agents, etc.) are enable to support their families. Main cause of this situation are the consequences of structural adjustment, i.e. the limitation of public help, reduction in salaries, mass dismissals, the devaluation of Franc CFA and the rapid increase of population. In response to constantly aggravating situation the people take second job, borrow money, and cultivate crops and vegetables. The growth of earning activities of women is one of issues of insufficiency of men's salaries. After all, facing the crisis inhabitants of African towns prove a lot of creativity and initiative.
Keywords
Contributors
  • Wydział Teologii, Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie
References
  • Amouzou E., Pourquoi la pauvreté s'aggrave-t-elle en Afrique noire?, L'Harmattan, Paris 2009.
  • Brunel S., Les grands défis d'une agriculture durable, „Sciences Humaines" juillet 2010, No. 217.
  • Dagorn R.-E., Le retour des émeutes de la faim, „Sciences Humaines" juillet 2008, No. 195.
  • L'état de l'insécurité alimentaire dans le monde, Rapport de la FAO, Rome 2009.
  • Fromageot A., Ndembou S., Courade G., Les cultures de rente concurrencent les cultures vivrières, w: G. Courade (ed.), L'Afrique des idées revues, Belin - Paris 2006.
  • Gilliard P., Pauvreté et mobilités circulaires campagnes/villes au Niger, „Brève" 2006, No. 1, http://geoconfluences.ens-lyon.fr/doc/breves/2006/2.htm.
  • Griffon M., L'avenir des dynamiques de développement des zones rural-urbaines: Quel développement durable pour les zones rurbaines?, www.ruralforum.info/papers/griffon2fr.pdf.
  • Lange M.-F., Le refus de l'école: pouvoir d'une société civile bloquée?, „Politique africaine" 1987, No. 7.
  • Razafindrakoto M., Roubaud F., Pauvreté et récession dans les métropoles africaines et malgaches: Éléments de diagnostic, http://www.dial.prd.fr/ dial_publications/PDF/Doc_travail/2001-10.pdf.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-1ce4e1b8-810f-4a04-9fac-1ca285bafeea
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