ФОРМУВАННЯ МЕТОДИЧНИХ УМІНЬ У МАЙБУТНІХ ВИКЛАДАЧІВ ДЛЯ ЗАСТОСУВАННЯ ІНФОРМАЦІЙНИХ ТЕХНОЛОГІЙ
Forming the future teachers’ methodological skills for the use of information technologies
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Active implementation of information technologies in higher education has become the leading tendency of modern time. Information technologies in the article are considered as forms and methods of information transfer through the newest facilities and tools. Due to information technologies a future teacher can work in his own rhythm and in accordance with his demands. It is pointed out that large possibilities in the increase of efficiency of the teaching process and methodological activity of the teacher in the education process give information technologies. Most fully their capabilities are disclosed for use in the classroom. Information technologies give future teachers an access to electronic-methodological material, they can work in a communicative environment in real time or choose facilities that will give an opportunity to create and check the message. Information education technologies are perspective enough for the increase of creative activity of all the participants of the education process. A future teacher leaves the position of an object of teaching, recipient of the prepared educational information, and becomes the active subject of learning, he can independently obtain necessary information and acquire necessary methodological abilities, he is able to find, construct the necessary for this purpose techniques. The author analyzes the prerequisites that should encourage the teacher to use information technologies effectively, namely: the necessary facilities (computers, hardware, software); information culture of the teacher that involves the mastery of specific skills by the teacher, which testify to his mastery of the computer as an average experienced user; significant educational experience; knowledge of techniques for the effective use of computer programs; the availability of appropriate pedagogical software, that meet the requirements of the educational programs of these disciplines. The use of information technologies provides an opportunity to address such topical issues as the use in learning the achievements of advanced information technologies; improvement of skills of independent work of students in the information databases and the Internet; improving education, improving the learning of students, the opportunity to make the learning process more interesting and informative.
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