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2016 | 6(113) - "Managing Diversity in the Context of International HRM" [Zarządzanie różnorodnością w kontekście międzynarodowego ZZL] | 27-41

Article title

Impact of Student Workers on the European Labor Markets

Title variants

Wpływ studentów aktywnych zawodowo na europejskie rynki pracy

Languages of publication



The stubbornly high levels of unemployment in Europe have led to a protracted period of heightened competition for jobs. One often discussed phenomenon is the so–called “crowding out” effect, where skilled workers take unskilled jobs and “squeeze out” the unskilled workers from the labor market. Literature on whether this is actually happening is mixed. This is why we try to contribute to the debate by an analysis of student labor, which is often perceived as being particularly likely to crowd out unskilled workers, particularly in areas such as hospitality or retail. We, however, find that depending on the age of the student and the profile of student workers, their profiles closely match those of non–students of medium to high educational attainment.
Niezmiennie wysoki poziom bezrobocia w Europie doprowadził do przedłużającego się okresu zwiększonej konkurencji o pracę. Jednym z powszechnie omawia¬nych zjawisk jest tzw. efekt wypierania, w którym wykwalifikowani pracownicy, podejmując się prac niewymagających wyższych kwalifikacji, wypierają z rynku pracy pracowników niewykwalifikowanych. W literaturze przedmiotu zdania co do rzeczywistego, aktualnego występowania tego zjawiska są podzielone. Z tego też względu niniejsza praca ma być przyczynkiem do debaty na ów temat poprzez przedstawienie analizy pracy podejmowanej przez studentów, jaką często kojarzy się ze znacznym wzrostem możliwości wyparcia z rynku pracowników niewykwalifikowanych, zwłaszcza w hotelarstwie i handlu detalicznym. Niemniej jednak wyniki badania wskazują, że zależnie od wieku i profilu studentów aktywnych zawodowo i osób nieposiadających statusu studenta o wykształceniu na poziome średnim czy wyższym ich profile są w dużej mierze podobne.


  • Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS), Brussel, Belgium
  • School of Public Policy, Central European University, Budapest, Hungary


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The polish version of this article was published on free CD added to the paper version HRM(ZZL)_2016_6(113)

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