Considering Belarusian culture and literature through the prism of history, the borderline category should be taken into account. A complicated situation with Belarusians identity, a constant search for their own way of development and struggle (sometimes in the form of passive resistance, sometimes in the form of uprisings) comes to a great extent from the worldview which was formed under the influence of dramatic and even tragic historical experiences. These experiences resulted in trauma, which was reflected and recorded in the historical memory, and the trauma is another important factor influencing identity shaping as well as national consciousness. Speaking about the situation observed in Belarus, one can speak about a particular Belarusians’ worldview coming from the situation which took place and was formed, except for other factors, due to the influence of traumatic historical expe- rience. The influence of traumatic experiences on the consciousness development of indivi- duals and society is discussed, basing on selected novels by Uladzimir Karatkievic, Natalka Babina and Vasil Bykau.