La visione di mania umana e divina in Platone
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The concept of divine and human “mania” in the Platonic dialogues
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Plato in his dialogues presents a complex picture of madness although he does not give the definition of the phenomenon. The philosopher singles out two main kinds of madness: divine and human appropriately to the factors which create them – divine inspiration or imperfection of human nature. In Plato’s concept “mania” takes form of poetic inspiration, love, a gift of prophecy, a dance and mental illness. The picture of a human being deprived his senses makes an important motive of his theoretical and literary deliberations. It is also a point of reference or an example illustrating the main line of deliberation as for instance in the “Laws”.
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