To See a City Come into Being in Speech: Genus and Analogy in Plato’s Republic
Languages of publication
An understanding of the philosophical genus contributes to the perfection of the act of the philosophical habit of the human soul because reality is constituted by a multitude of overlapping genera. Because genera are constituted by a multitude of species unequally related to their generic aim, St. Thomas’s teaching on virtual quantity facilitates an understanding of the diversity of being. Analogy is an act of judgment that expresses an unequally proportionate relationship between beings. Like genus, analogy has to do with a multitude of beings unequally related to a primary subject; as such, analogy is the language of philosophy. To see ‘a city come into being in speech’ in Book II of The Republic is to be trained to observe the relation between real beings, to make correct judgments about those relationships, and to thereby be properly oriented toward reality.
- Aristotle. “Categories.” In Aristotle. Introductory Readings, translated, with introduction, notes, and glossary, by Terence Irwin and Gail Fine, 1–8. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Company, Inc., 1996.
- Delfino, Robert A. “Redpath on the Nature of Philosophy.” Studia Gilsoniana 5, no. 1 (January-March 2016): 33–53.
- Gilson, Étienne. “God and Greek Philosophy.” In Étienne Gilson. God and Philosophy, 1–37. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2002.
- Gilson, Étienne. The Philosophy of St. Thomas Aquinas, translated by Edward Bullough. Whitefish: Kessinger Publishing’s Rare Reprints, 2003.
- Gilson, Étienne. The Unity of Philosophical Experience. San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 1999.
- Hancock, Curtis L. “Peter Redpath’s Philosophy of History.” Studia Gilsoniana 5, no. 1 (January-March 2016): 55–93.
- Maurer, Armand. Medieval Philosophy: An Introduction. Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Medieval Studies, 1982.
- McInerny, Dennis Q. Metaphysics. Elmhurst, Pa.: Priestly Fraternity of St. Peter, 2004.
- Pieper, Josef. “Being—Truth—Good.” In Josef Pieper, An Anthology, translated by Richard and Clara Winston. San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 1989.
- Plato. The Republic, translated by Allan Bloom. New York: Basic Books, 1968. Second edition.
- Redpath, Peter A. A Not-So-Elementary Christian Metaphysics: Written in the Hope of Ending the Centuries-old Separation between Philosophy and Science and Science and Wisdom, vol. 1. St. Louis: En Route, 2015.
- Redpath, Peter A. A Not-So-Elementary Christian Metaphysics: An Introduction to Ragamuffin Thomism, vol. 2. St. Louis: En Route, 2016.
- St. Thomas Aquinas’s Works in English. Accessed June 15, 2017. http://dhspriory.org/thomas/.
Publication order reference