PL EN


1973 | 1 | 39-46
Article title

Przemiany funkcjonalno-przestrzenne ośrodków zabytkowych w strukturze miast Legnicko-Głogowskiego Okręgu Miedziowego w latach 1961-1970

Content
Title variants
EN
THE FUNCTIONAL AND SPATIAL CHANGES OF HISTORIC CENTRES WITHIN STRUCTURAL PATTERNS OF TOWNS LOCATED IN LEGNICA—GŁOGOW COPPER MINING DISTRICT IN THE YEARS 1960—1970
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
The L owe r Silesian region m ay be re g a rd e d as one where, if th e q u e stio n is to be con sid e red on th e “a ll- c o u n try sc a le ”, th e g re a te s t n um b e r of tow n s can be fou n d w ith th e ir v a lu ab le m o n um en ts of a rc h ite c tu re and in te re s tin g tow n p lan n in g lay o u ts su rv iv ed. The w a r damage s, te ch n ic a l d ep re c ia tio n , obsolescence of fu n c tio n a l p a tte rn s an d th e changes in sy stems of cons tru c tio n a re c re a tin g re a lly se rio u s d ifficu ltie s in p ro g ram m in g th e p ro te c tio n , co n se rv a tio n an d th e uses fo r th e histo ric u rb a n centres. In th e p re s e n t a rtic le th e a u th o r deals w ith changes o ccu rin g in fu n c tio n al and sp a tia l p a tte rn s of h isto ric towns s itu a te d w ith in th e mo re and more in d iv id u a liz in g L egnica-Głogów Copper Mining District. He p re s e n ts a h a n d fu l o f o b s e rv a tio n s collected on th e b a ck g ro u n d of a su rv ey p re p a re d by th e Wroclaw B ran ch of th e In s titu te of T ow n p lan n in g and A rc h ite c tu re in th e p e rio d 1960— —1970. The in d u s tria l d ev e lo pm en t of th is D istric t b a sin g on mining an d processing of copper ores h a s led to a p p a re n t changes both in s tru c tu r e of emp lo ym en t and p o p u la tio n figures. Th e above changes p e rta in m a in ly to h isto ric — towns as, fo r in stan c e , Chobienia, Chocianów, Głogów, Legnica, Lu b in , Polkowice, Prochowice, Ru d n a an d Ścinawa. U n til 1970 th e d ev e lo pm en t of in d u s try in th is a re a caused a co n sid e rab le e x ten s io n or sp e ed in g -u p of re b u ild in g of th e fiv e towns u n d e r in v e stig a tio n , namely Polkowice, Lubin, Głogów, Legnica and Chocianów. In c re a sed b u ild in g a c tiv itie s could also be observed in R u d n a an d Ścinawa. Such tow n s as Legnica, Lu b in , Głogów an d Polkowice h av e grown to th e m a in in d u s tria l an d a dm in is tra tiv e an d service c en tre s w ith in th e e x p an d in g Copper Mining D istrict, a t th e same time becoming to u rin g cen tre s on th e so u th e rn reg io n a l ro u te , owing to th e e x isting mo n umen ts, mo d e rn in d u s tria l p la n ts and c u ltu ra l centres. In fiv e from among th e towns u n d e r discussion it was possible to observe th e above de sc rib ed changes of civic fu n c tio n s wh en comp ared w ith th e sta te from 1960 b u t only in fo u r of th em th e s e changes a ffected th e ir h is to ric centres. As one of th e fe a tu re s of changes in fu n c tio n a l p a tte rn of u rb a n c en tre s m ay be reg a rd ed co n sid e rab le in c re a se of liv in g spaces, those occupied by tra d e , r e s ta u r a n ts an d adm in is tra tio n . Within a decade u n d e r discussion no in c re a se s have b een o b serv ed in spaces d esigned fo r in d u s try w ith in th e histo ric c en tre s which th e fa c t may also be re g a rd ed as a p o sitiv e fe a tu re . Both in d u s try and sto rag e a re being removed from h is to ric centres. However, w ith in th e h is to ric c en tre s an o th e r, th is time neg ativ e, fe a tu re was ob se rv ed , i.e. e re c tio n of m o d e rn re s id e n tia l bu ild in g s which, as a ru le , a re in conflict w ith th e ir su rro u n d in g s . F o r ex amp le , in L e gnica th e city a re a is being fo rm ed of m u lti-s to re y , aggressive re s id e n tia l houses th a t a re e n tire ly u n a d a p ta b le to o th e r ex is tin g build in g s. The p re s e rv ed h isto ric ob je c ts though, in p rin c ip le , still d omin a tin g sp a tia lly a re fre q u e n tly enough chan g in g th e ir o rig in a l fu n c tio n s which th e o c cu rren c e is v isib le in p a rtic u la r in housing. This h ig h ly n eg a tiv e fe a tu re was conn ected w ith a tre n d tow a rd m o d e rn iz a tio n of h is to ric c entres. By doing so w e re neg lec ted all compositional, a e sth e tic a l an d co n se rv a tio n p ro b lem s th a t h a v e been moved to more rem o te plans. The a rtic le is ending w ith conclusions proposing to re v iew th e h is to ric a l an d sp a tia l v a lu e s p re s e n t in a re a s of h isto ric tow n s w ith in Legnica—Głogów Copp e r Mining D istric t an d to in tro d u c e th e n e c e ssa ry a lte ra tio n s which could improve th e e ffe c ts in u rb a n p lan n in g achieved in th e p a s t y e a rs also in compositio n a l respect. At th e same time th e need h a s been emphasized to s ta r t th e stu d ie s on th e fo rms of modern b u ild in g in tro d u c ed to h is to ric u rb a n c en tre s.
Year
Issue
1
Pages
39-46
Physical description
Dates
published
1973
Contributors
  • mgr inż. arch. Wrocław
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-1e7f4312-4e95-4154-91e3-597bd6c36c0d
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