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Journal
2014 | 4 | 67-100
Article title

Preludium chorałowe na organy w drugiej połowie XIX wieku na przykładzie utworów Wilhelma Friedricha Markulla i Johannesa Brahmsa

Content
Title variants
EN
Choral prelude in the second half of the 19th century in an example of two sets by Wilhelm Friedrich Markull and Johannes Brahms
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
The second half of the nineteenth century was a time of great changes of organ music, par-ticularly the work associated with the development of a concert performance in a great form of fantasy, or sonatas. However, one should not forget that as well as a small form of choral prelude, composed for liturgical usage, underwent transformation and sublimation under the influence of the great symphonic orchestra of that period, as well as aesthetic changes resulting from the new organ sounds and constructions. The two sets of preludes are chosen from several underlying causes. One by Markull is a collection of little known composer, but it gives a full overview of ob-jectively different types of preludes for organ characteristically in the second half of the nineteenth century on the one hand, on the other hand, however it gives an insight into the subjective percep-tion of these forms by composer, showing his most personal style. In this collection, we also have a number of descriptions of registrations, which on one hand is closely associated with a particular instruments in the St. Mary’s church in Gdańsk and on the other hand are mostly emblematic for the style of organ music in Central Europe at that time. The set of Brahms is one of the most famous collections of choral preludes in organ literature, some of the songs have became even symbols of German organ romantic music style, though by no means their form seems to have no counterpart in the work of other composers of his time. You can treat the organ preludes of Brahms as the end of a stage of the development of this form and impetus for subsequent changes. This collection is quite hermetic, enigmatic, ”strangely intimate” buckle, which somehow in the extract, a condensed synthesis closes the great symphonic heritage of one of the most important German composers. Both collections and composers different from each other so much: Markull — the forgotten composer, but organ virtuoso of his time, Brahms – one of the renowned German composer, but the — only theoretical — organist, preludes by Markull – written for liturgical use, it can be called usable, very organ: preludes by Brahms — written primarily on their own needs, as an descrip-tion of some ideas, which sometimes makes it difficult to interpret on the organ. But there are also some elements in common: the two sets were created in the last period of activity of composers, both of them are deeply connected with the big German organ tradition, in musical terms having also sometimes surprisingly much in common, what the author wants to demonstrate in its analysis.
Contributors
  • Akademia Muzyczna im. Stanisława Moniuszki w Gdańsku, Wydział Dyrygentury Chóralnej, Muzyki Kościelnej, Edukacji Artystycznej, Rytmiki i Jazzu
References
  • Engel Hans, „Markull Friedrich Wilhelm”, w: Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart, t. 8, Kassel–Basel–London–New York 1960, s. 1660–1661.
  • Gutknecht Dieter, Friedrich Wielhelm Markull (1816–1887) als Schüler Friedrich Schneiders in Dessau, w: Musica Baltica. Danzig und die Musikkultur Europas. Gdańsk and European Musical Culture, Prace Specjalne 57, Gdańsk 2000, s. 420–426.
  • Kittel Johann Christian, Der angehende praktische Organist, Erfurt 1808.
  • Knecht Justin Heinrich, Neue vollständige Orgelschule, t. 1–3, Lipsk 1795–1798.
  • Lauer Wojciech, Friedrich Wilhelm Markull (1816–1887), Twórczość organowa, praca magisterska (maszynopis), Wydział Dyrygentury, Kompozycji i Teorii Muzyki, Akademia Muzyczna im. Stanisława Moniuszki w Gdańsku, Gdańsk 2008.
  • Lauer Wojciech, Utwory organowe Wilhelma Friedricha Markulla, w: Organy i Muzyka Organowa XIV, Prace Specjalne 77, Gdańsk 2009.
  • Neumann Wilhelm, Friedrich Wilhelm Markull, w: Johan Friedrich Kittel. Friedrich Wilhelm Markull. Carl Loeve: Biographien, seria: Die Componisten der neueren Zeit, t. 45, Kassel 1857, s. 55–78.
  • Oakeley Herbert S., „Markull Friedrich Wilhelm”, hasło w: The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, t. 11, Londyn 1980, s. 692–693.
  • Owen Barbara, The organ music of Johannes Brahms, Oxford University Press, Oxford 2007.
  • Renkewitz Werner, Janca Jan, Orgelbaukunst in Ost- und Westpreusen, t. 1, Wuerzburg 1984.
  • Todd R. Larry, Mendelssohn. A Life in Music, Oxford 2003.
  • Zakrzewska-Nikiporczyk Barbara, Życie muzyczne Pomorza w latach 1815–1920, w: Kultura Muzyczna Północnych Ziem Polskich 2, red. Janusz Krassowski i in., Gdańsk 1982, s. 20–22.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-1ebd4d14-0563-44d8-a032-f760c05c68e5
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