PL EN


2017 | 21 | 173-145
Article title

Roman Engraved Gems in the National Archaeological Museum in Lisbon

Authors
Selected contents from this journal
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
The article presents the collection of Roman engraved gems in the National Museum of Archaeology, in Lisbon. Although a small cabinet, it contains a wide variety of themes and motifs. Among the intaglios, the nicolos deserve to be especially highlighted for their quantity when compared with the others, thus strenghtening the evidence for the existence of a regional quartz industry in the city of Ammaia, which particularly specialized in the manufacture of nicolo gemstones. The themes match those existing throughout the Empire, but some items deserve special attention: Eros removing a thorn from a lion’s paw (no. 3); three Satyrs performing a sacrifice (no. 1); the wounded warrior (no. 31); the ‘prodigy scene’ (no. 36); Faustulus, the Capitoline Wolf and the twins (no. 37); a possible portrait of Cleopatra (no. 42); the Jewish symbols (no. 70) and the magical amulet (no. 72).
Year
Volume
21
Pages
173-145
Physical description
Contributors
References
  • Aguilera Aragón I. 1979. Sobre un entalle romano de Bursau. Cuadernos de Estudios Borjanos 4, 89–95.
  • Alarcão J. 1987. Portugal Romano. (Historia Mundi 33), 4th edition. Lisboa.
  • Alessio A. 1985. Anelli, Gli Ori di Taranto in età Ellenistica, 2nd edition. Milano.
  • Alfaro Giner C. 1996. Entalles y camafeos de la Universitat de València. (Estudis Numismàtics Valencians 7). Valencia.
  • Almeida F. 1964. Ruínas de Miróbriga dos célticos: Santiago do Cacém.
  • Almeida F. and Veiga Ferreira O. 1965. Antiguidades da Egitânia. Alguns achados dignos de nota. Arqueologia e História, 8ª série, 11, 95–101. Lisboa.
  • Amorai-Stark S. 1993. Engraved Gems and Seals from Two Collections in Jerusalem. The Studium Biblicum Franciscanum Museum Gem Collection and The Pontifical Biblical Institute Museum Gem Collection. Jerusalem.
  • Amorai-Stark S. 1999. Gems, cameos and seals. In R. Gersht (ed.), The Sdot-Yam Museum Book of the Antiquities of Caesarea Maritima, 12–13 and 87–191. Tel-Aviv.
  • Angeles Gutierez M. 2008. La Colección de Joyería Cluniense. Burgos.
  • Araújo L. M. 1993. Antiguidades Egípcias (Catálogo), vol. 1. Lisboa.
  • Bairrão Oleiro J. M. 1992. Conimbriga: Casa dos repuxos. (Corpus dos Mosaicos Romanos de Portugal 1). Lisboa.
  • Baratte F. and Painter K. 1989. Trésors d’orfevrerie gallo–romains. Paris.
  • Beazley J. D. 1920. The Lewes House Collection of Ancient Gems. Oxford.
  • Bélard da Fonseca F. 1945. Mais dois exemplares. In C. M. de Beja (ed.), Anéis de ouro, romanos achados no Baixo Alentejo. Arquivo de Beja (1ª Série), 2, 39–42.
  • Berry B. Y. 1969. Ancient Gems from the Collection of Burton Y. Berry. (Indiana University Art Museum Publication 1).
  • Betz H. D. 1992. The Greek Magical Papyri in Translation, Including the Demotic Spells, 2nd edition. Chicago–London.
  • Boardman J. 1968. Engraved Gems. The Ionides Collection. London.
  • Boardman J. 2001. Greek Gems and Finger Rings. Early Bronze Age to Late Classical. London.
  • Boardman J. and Scarisbrick D. 1977. The Ralph Harari Collection of Finger Rings. London.
  • Boardman J. and Vollenweider M.-L. 1978. Catalogue of the Engraved Gems and Finger Rings in the Ashmolean Museum, vol. 1: Greek and Etruscan. Oxford.
  • Bonner C. 1950. Studies in Magical Amulets, chiefly Graeco-Egyptian. (Humanistic Series 49). Ann Arbor.
  • Breglia L. 1941. Catalogo delle oreficerie del Museo nazionale di Napoli. Roma.
  • Capolutti G., Giovannini A. and Buora M. 1996. Catalogo. In Römische Gemmen aus Aquileia. Gemme Romane da Aquileia, 51–100, exhib. cat. Udine–Trieste.
  • Cardozo M. 1962. Pedras de anéis romanos encontradas em Portugal. Revista de Guimarães 72/1–2, 155–160.
  • Carvalhaes J. 1911. Acquisições do Museu Etnologico Português. O Archeologo Português 16, 103–125.
  • Casal Garcia R. 1980. Pedras de anelo do Noroeste peninsular. Gallaecia 6, 101–110.
  • Casal Garcia R. 1991. Colección de glíptica del Museo Arqueológico Nacional (serie de entalles romanos), vols 1–2. Madrid.
  • Centeno R. and Valladares Souto J. 1993–1997. Depósito de moedas da Judeia achado em Mértola. Nvmmvs, 2nd series, 16/20, 197–204, [on-line] http://hdl.handle.net/10216/64831.
  • Chaves F. and Casal Garcia R. 1995. Problemática de la glíptica en España: Estado de la cuestión. PACT 23, vol. IV.9, 313–331.
  • Chaves L. 1913. Aquisições do Museu Etnológico Português. O Archeologo Português 18, 131–168.
  • Chaves L. 1914. Aquisições do Museu Etnológico Português em 1913. O Archeologo Português 19, 367–371.
  • Chelli M. 2008. Manuale dei simboli nell’arte. L’era paleocristiana e bizantina. Roma.
  • Cravinho G. 2001. Peças glípticas de Conimbriga. Conimbriga 40, 141–198.
  • Cravinho G. 2004. O mais antigo vestígio Judaico da Península Ibérica. Caderno de Estudos Sefarditas 4, 232–242.
  • Cravinho G. 2009. A importância da Glíptica. Revista de Artes Decorativas 3, 11–30.
  • Cravinho G. 2010. Some engraved gems from Ammaia. PALLAS 83, 13–33.
  • Cravinho G. 2014. Glíptica Romana em Portugal. Tese de Doutoramento, vols 1–2. Santiago de Compostela, [on-line] http://hdl.handle.net/10347/11726.
  • Cravinho G. 2015. Espólio funerário de Ammaia. A joalharia. In J. C. Quaresma (ed.), Ad Aeternitatem. Os espólios funerários de Ammaia a partir da colecção Maçãs do Museu Nacional e Arqueologia, 93–141. Évora.
  • Cravinho G. 2017. Gravação, Temática e Funções das Gemas Romanas. Al-Madan 2 série, 21, 25–30.
  • Cravinho G., forthcoming. A Iconografia de Minerva através da Glíptica. In S. P. Yebenes and J. T. García (eds.), Glyptós – Gemas y camafeus Greco-romanos: Arte, mitologias, creencias, 41–82. Madrid-Salamanca.
  • Cravinho G. and Amorai-Stark S. 2006. A Jewish intaglio from Roman Ammaia, Lusitania. Liber Annuus 56, 521–546, [on-line] https://doi.org/10.1484/J.LA.2.303657.
  • Cravinho G. and Amorai-Stark S. 2011. The Christian gems from Portugal in context. In Ch. Entwistle and N. Adams (eds.), ‘Gems of Heaven’. Recent Research on Engraved Gemstones in Late Antiquity, c. AD 200–600, 114–126. London.
  • D’Ambrosio A. and De Carolis E. 1997. I monili dell’area Vesuviana. Roma.
  • Delatte A. and Derchain Ph. 1964. Les intailles magiques gréco–égyptiennes. Paris.
  • Dimitrova-Milčeva A. 1980. Antike Gemmen und Kameen aus Archäologischen Nationalmuseum in Sofia. Sofia.
  • Dimitrova-Milčeva A. 1987. Gemme e cammei del Museo Storico Comunale di Svistov. Ratiariensia 3–4, 193–208.
  • Elliot J. W. and Henig M. 1982. Engraved gemstones from the Roman frontier post at Newstead, Roxburghshire. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 112, 295–299.
  • Fabregat R. G. 2011/2012. Dactyliothecae Cataloniae: La collecció glíptica del Museu Episcopal de Vic. Quaderns del MEV 5, 191–241.
  • Ferreira de Almeida C. A. 1974. Escavações no Monte Mozinho I. Penafiel.
  • Ferreira M. and Coutinho M. 1979. Medalhas do Renascimento. Colecção Calouste Gulbenkian. Lisboa.
  • Forcellini E. 1883. Totius Latinitatis Onomasticon. In V. De-Vit (ed.), Typis Aldinianis, vol. 9, 384.
  • Fossing P. M. A. 1929. The Thorvaldsen Museum: Catalogue of the Antique Engraved Gems and Cameos. Copenhagen.
  • Furtwängler A. 1896. Beschreibung der geschnittenen Steine im Antiquarium. Königliche Museen zu Berlin. Berlin.
  • Furtwängler A. 1900. Die antiken Gemmen: Geschichte der Steinschneidekunst im Klassischen Altertum. Lipsk, Berlin.
  • Gallottini A. 2012. La glittica Santarelli ai Musei Capitolini. Intagli, cammei e sigilli. Roma.
  • Gauthier M. 1977. Circonscription d’Aquitaine. Gallia 35/2, 449–472.
  • Gesztelyi T. 1987. A Déri Múzeum gemmagyűjteménye. In A Debreceni Déri Múzeum Évkönyve. Annales Musei Debreceniensis de Friderico Déri nominati 1986. Debrecen.
  • Gesztelyi T. 2000. Antike Gemmen im Ungarischen Nationalmuseum. (Catalogi Musei Nationalis Hungarici. Seria Archaeologica 3). Budapest.
  • Gesztelyi T. 2001. Gemstones and Finger Rings from Brigetio. (Collections of the Kuny Domokos Museum of Tata 6). Tata.
  • Gesztelyi T. 2013. Gem finds from Intercisa. ActaArchHung 64/1, 89–111, [on-line] https://doi.org/10.1556/AArch.64.2013.1.4.
  • Gonzenbach V. 1952. Römische Gemmen aus Vindonissa. ZSchwArch 13/2, 65–82, [on-line] http://doi.org/10.5169/seals-163796.
  • Graça M. A., Machado S. 1970. Uma Colecção de Pedras Gravadas. Elementos para um Catálogo Geral. In Actas do II Congresso Nacional de Arqueologia, vol. 2, 371–390. Coimbra.
  • Gramatopol M. 1974. Les pierres gravées du Cabinet Numismatique de l’Académie Roumaine. (Collection Latomus 138). Bruxelles.
  • Guiraud H. 1988. Intailles et camées de l’époque romaine en Gaule (Territoire Français), 48e supplément à Gallia, vol. 1. Paris.
  • Guiraud H. 1989. Bagues et anneaux à l’époque romaine en Gaule. Gallia 46, 172–211, [on-line] https://doi.org/10.3406/galia.1989.2895.
  • Guiraud H. 1995. Intailles de Lons-le-Saunier. Jura. Gallia 52, 359–406, [on-line] https://doi.org/10.3406/galia.1995.3158.
  • Guiraud H. 1996. Intailles et camées romains. Paris.
  • Guiraud H. 1998. Intailles du Musée des Antiquités Nationales. Antiquitées Nationales 30, 131–142.
  • Guiraud H. 2008. Intailles et camées de l’époque romaine en Gaule (territoire français), vol. 2. Paris.
  • Hachlili R. 2001. The Menorah, the Ancient Seven-Armed Candelabrum: Origin, Form and Significance. (Supplements to the Journal for the Study of Judaism 68). Brill.
  • Hamat A.-C. 2014. Bijuterii cu inscripţie din provincia romană Dacia. I. Pietre gravate. Bibliotheca Historica et Archaeologica Universitatis Timiensis (2012) 14.
  • Hamburger A. 1968. Gems from Caesarea Maritima. (‘Atiqot. English Series 8). Jerusalem.
  • Hautecoeur M.-L. Gauckler M. P., Merlin M. A., Poinssot M. L. and Drappier M. L. 1910. Catalogue des musées et collections archéologiques de l’Algérie et de la Tunisie. Catalogue du musée Alaoui. Catalogue des Musées et Collections Archéologiques de l’Algérie et de la Tunisie: Musée Alaoui (Supplement). Paris.
  • Heleno M. 1953. O tesouro da Borralheira (Teixoso). O Arqueólogo Português 2, 2.ª Série , 213–235.
  • Henig M. 1974. A Corpus of Roman Engraved Gemstones from British Sites. (BAR BS 8, 2). Oxford.
  • Henig M. 1975. The Lewis Collection of Engraved Gemstones in Corpus Christi College, Cambridge. (BAR Supplementary Series 1). Oxford.
  • Henig M. 1982. Seasonal feasts in Roman Britain. OJA 1/2, 213–223, [on-line] https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0092.1982.tb00308.x.
  • Henig M. 1983. A Handbook of Roman Art: A Comprehensive Survey of All the Arts of the Roman World. London.
  • Henig M. 1990. The Content Family Collection of Ancient Cameos. Oxford, Houlton.
  • Henig M. 1991. Antique gems in Roman Britain. Jewellery Studies 5: Classical Gold Jewellery and the Classical Tradition. Papers in Honour of R. A. Higgins, 49–54.
  • Henig M. 1994. Classical Gems. Ancient and Modern Intaglios and Cameos in the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge. Cambridge.
  • Henig M. 1995. An Onyx Cameo from Silchester. Britannia 26, 306–308, [on-line] https://doi.org/10.2307/526882.
  • Henig M. 1999. One hundred and fifty years of Wroxeter gems. In M. Henig and D. Plantzos (eds.), Classicism to Neo-Classicism: Essays Dedicated to Gertrud Seidmann. (BAR IS 793), 49–66. Oxford.
  • Henig M. 2008. Intaglios from Roman London. In J. Clark (ed.), Londinium and Beyond. Essays on Roman London and its Hinterland for Harvey Sheldon (CBA Research Report 156), 226–238. York.
  • Henig M. 2017. Roman gems in old collections and in modern archaeology. In B. van den Bercken and V. Baan (eds.), Engraved gems. From Antiquity to the Present. (PALMA 14), 15–29. Leiden.
  • Henig M. and Whiting M. 1987. Engraved Gems from Gadara in Jordan: The Sa’d Collection of Intaglios and Cameos. (Oxford University Committee for Archaeology 6). Oxford.
  • Henig M. and MacGregor A. 2004. Catalogue of the Engraved Gems and Finger-Rings in the Ashmolean Museum. II Roman. (Studies in Gems and Jewellery. BAR IS 1332). Oxford.
  • Herfort-Koch M. 1988. Schmuck und Gemmen im Museum für Kunst und Kulturgeschichte des Stadt Dortmund. Boreas 11, 265–300.
  • Hipólito M. C. 1996. Moedas Gregas Antigas. Ouro. Lisboa.
  • Hoffmann E. 1907. De titulis Africae Latinis quaestiones phoneticae. Dissertatio inauguralis (...). Lipsk.
  • Imhoof F. and Keller O. 1889. Tier-und Pflanzenbilder auf Münzen und Gemmen des klassischen Altertums. Hildesheim.
  • Iñiguez D. A. 1989. Catálogo de las alhajas del Delfin. Madrid.
  • Johns C. 1997. The Snettisham Roman Jeweller’s Hoard. London.
  • King C. W. 1866. The Handbook of Engraved Gems. London.
  • King C. W. 1872. Antique Gems and Rings. vols 1–2. London.
  • Konuk K. and Arslan M. 2000. Ancient Gems and Finger Rings from Asia Minor. The Yüksel Eri̇mtan Collection. Ankara.
  • Krug A. 1975. Römische Gemmen und Fingerringe im Museum für Vorund Frühgeschichte Frankfurt a. M. Germania 53/12, 113–125.
  • Krug A. 1978. Römische Fundgemmen. Germania 56/2, 476–503.
  • Krug A. 1980. Antike Gemmen im Römisch-Germanischen Museum Köln. BerRGK 61, 152–260.
  • Krug A. 1995. Römische Gemmen im Rheinischen Landesmuseum Trier. BerRGK 76, 159–218.
  • Lafli E. 2012. A Preliminary report on the Intaglio and Cameo at the Museums of Izmir. Arkeoloji ve Sanat. Journal of Archaeology & Art. Europa Nostra (May-August), 133–154.
  • Lippold G. 1922. Gemmen und Kameen des Altertums und der Neuzeit. Stuttgart.
  • Lopez de la Orden M. D. 1990. La glíptica de la antiguedad en Andalucia. Cadiz.
  • Maaskant-Kleibrink M. 1978. Catalogue of the Engraved Gems in the Royal Coin Cabinet, The Hague. The Greek, Etruscan, and Roman Collections. The Hague, Wiesbaden.
  • Maioli M. G. 1971. Gemme della Collezione Rasponi nel Museo Nazionale di Ravenna. Divinità – Scene Mitologiche. Felix Ravenna 102/2, 3–59.
  • Mandel-Elzinga U. 1985. Eine Gemmensammlung aus Alexandria im Akademischen Kunstmuseum der Universität Bonn. BJb 185, 243–298.
  • Mandrioli Bizarri A. R. 1987. La collezione di gemme del Museo Civico Archaeologico di Bologna. Bologna.
  • Marshall F. H. 1907. Catalogue of the Finger Rings Greek, Etruscan and Roman in the Departments of Antiquities. London.
  • McBrine P. C. 2008. The English inheritance of biblical verse, 80. PhD Thesis. University of Toronto.
  • McManus B. F. 2006. Index of Images, Coins from the Hunterian Museum. Glasgow. Retrieved from http://www.vroma.org/cgi-bin/mfs/var/www/html/images?link=/mcmanus_images/indexcoins_hunterian.html&file=/var/www/html/images/mcmanus_images/indexcoins_hunterian.html&line=40 (status as of 6th March, 2018).
  • Mattingly H. 1927. Roman Coins from the Earliest Times to the Fall of the Western Empire. (Handbooks of Archaeology). London.
  • Merrillees P. H. 2001. Ancient Near Eastern Glyptic in the National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, Australia. (SIMA 129). Jonsered.
  • Michel S. 2001. Die magischen Gemmen im Britischen Museum. London.
  • Middleton J. H. 1891. The Engraved Gems of Classical Times with a Catalogue of the Gems in the Fitzwilliam Museum. Cambridge.
  • Middleton S. H. 1991. Engraved Gems from Dalmatia. From the Collections of Sir John Gardner Wilkinson and Sir Arthur Evans in Harrow School, at Oxford and Elswhere. (Oxford University Committee for Archaeology 31). Oxford.
  • Middleton S. H. 1998. Seals, Finger Rings, Engraved Gems and Amulets in the Royal Albert Memorial Museum, Exeter. Somerset.
  • Middleton S. H. 2001. Classical Engraved Gems from Turkey and Elsewhere: The Wright Collection. (BAR IS 957). Oxford.
  • Neverov O. 1976. Antique Intaglios in the Hermitage Collection. Leningrad.
  • Neverov O. 1985. Antike Kameen. Leipzig.
  • Nolen J. S. 1994. Cerâmicas e Vidros de Torre de Aires – Balsa. Lisboa.
  • Ogden J. 2007. Etched carnelian intaglios. Gems & Jewellery 16.
  • Osório D. 2014. Agosto. Cristal de Quartzo. In 12 Meses 12 Peças. Retrieved from http://www.ammaia.pt/pagina,7,157.aspx (status as of 5th March, 2018).
  • Pannuti U. 1975. Pinarius Cerialis gemmarius Pompeianus. BdA 60 (III–IV), 178–190.
  • Pannuti U. 1983. Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Napoli. Catalogo della Collezione Glittica, vol. 1. Roma.
  • Pannuti U. 1994. Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Napoli. La Collezione Glittica, vol. 2. Roma.
  • Panofka T. S. 1852. Gemmen mit Inschriften in den königlichen Museen zu Berlin, Haag, Kopenhagen, London, Paris, Petersburg und Wien. Berlin.
  • Parreira R. and Vaz Pinto C. 1980. Tesouros da Arqueologia Portuguesa. Lisboa.
  • Pereira S. 2005. A freguesia da Aramenha sob o domínio romano. Ibn Maruán. Revista Cultural do Concelho de Marvão 13, 35–61.
  • Pereira S. 2009. A cidade romana de Ammaia: Escavações arqueológicas 2000–2006. Lisboa.
  • Platz-Horster G. 1984. Die antiken Gemmen im Rheinischen Landesmuseum Bonn. Köln, Bonn.
  • Ponte S. 1995. Colecção Bustorff Silva – Núcleo de época romana: Objectos de Adorno. In Museu Nacional de Arqueologia and Instituto de Museus (eds.), Um gosto privado, um olhar público: Doações, 124–136. Lisboa.
  • Rambach H. 2011. Reflections on gems depicting the context of Athena and Poseidon. In Ch. Entwistle and N. Adams (eds.), Gems of Heaven. Recent Research on Engraved Gemstones in Late Antiquity, c. AD 200–600. (British Museum Research Publication 177), 263–274. London.
  • Reinach S. 1895. Pierres gravées des collections Marlborough et d’Orléans, des recueils d’Eckhel, Gori, Lévesque de Gravelle, Mariette, Millin, Stosch. Paris.
  • Richter G. M. A. 1956. Catalogue of Engraved Gems: Greek, Etruscan and Roman. Roma.
  • Richter G. M. A. 1971. The Engraved Gems of the Greeks, Etruscans and Romans, vol. 2: Engraved Gems of the Romans. A Supplement to the History of Roman Art. London.
  • Richter G. M. A. 2004. Roman Portraits. New York.
  • Rigaud de Sousa J. J. 1973. Anéis e entalhes de Zona Portuguesa do Convento Bracaraugustano. Cuadernos de Estudios Gallegos 85, 187–192.
  • Righetti R. 1955. Gemme e Cammei delle Collezioni Comunali. Roma.
  • Ruseva-Slokoska L. 1991. Roman Jewellery. A Collection of the National Archaeological Museum, Sofia. Sofia.
  • Scatozza Höricht L. A. 1989. I monili di Ercolano. Roma.
  • Sena Chiesa G. 1966. Gemme del Museo Nazionale di Aquileia. Aquileia.
  • Sena Chiesa G. 1978. Gemme di Luni. (Archaelogica 4). Roma.
  • Sena Chiesa G., Magni A. and Tassinari G. 2009. Gemme dei Civici Musei d’arte di Verona. (Collezioni e Musei Archeologici del Veneto 45). Roma.
  • Shapira R. 2014. ‘Naked Runner’ sheds light on a little-known art of ancient Rome. Retrieved from http://www.haaretz.com/archaeology/.premium-1.608561 (status as of 6th March, 2018).
  • Smith A. 1888. A Catalogue of Engraved Gems in the British Museum. London.
  • Soeiro T. 1984. Monte Mozinho: Apontamentos sobre a ocupação entre Sousa e Tâmega em época romana. Penafiel: Boletim Municipal de Cultura 1, 3rd series, 5–232.
  • Spier J. 1992. Ancient Gems and Finger Rings: Catalogue of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum. Malibu, California.
  • Spier J. 2007. Late Antique and Early Christian Gems. Wiesbaden.
  • Sternberg F. 1980. Antike Münzen – Gemmen. Zürich.
  • Sternberg F. 1988. Antike Münzen. Griechen–Römer–Byzantiner. Gemmen, Kameen und Schmuck der Antike und der Neuzeit. Italienische Renaissancemedaillen. Zürich.
  • Sutherland C. H. V. 1974. Monnaies Romaines. Fribourg.
  • Taelman D., Deprez S., Vermeulen F. and De Dapper M. 2008. Lapicidinae Ammmaiensis: een geoarcheologische case-study voor de Civitas Ammaiensis (noordelijke Alentejo, Portugal). Tijdschrift voor Mediterrane Archeologie 39, 28–36.
  • Taelman D., Deprez S., Vermeulen F. and De Dapper M. 2009. Granite and rock crystal quarrying in the Civitas Ammaiensis (North-eastern Alentejo, Portugal): A geoarchaeological case study. BABesch 84, 171–186, [on-line] https://doi.org/ 10.2143/BAB.84.0.2041643.
  • Taelman D., Corsi C., De Dapper M., Deprez S., Verdonck L. and Vermeulen F. 2010. Geoarchaeological research in the Roman town of Ammaia (Alentejo, Portugal). Bollettino di Archeologia On Line 1, 58–70.
  • Tamma G. 1991. Le gemme del Museo archeologico di Bari. Bari.
  • Tassie J. 1791. A Descritive Catalogue of a General Collection of Ancient and Modern Engraved Gems, Cameos as Well as Intaglios, Taken from the Most Celebrated Cabinets in Europe; and Cast in Coloured Pastes, White Enamel, and Sulphur, vols 1–2. London.
  • Ubaldelli M.-L. 2001. Dactyliotheca Capponiana. Collezionismo romano di intagli e cammei nella prima metà del XVIII secolo. (Bolletinno di Numismatica. Monografia 8.1). Roma.
  • Vasconcelos J. L. 1898. Objectos romanos do Alemtejo (carta de Joaquim Henriques ao redactor d’ O Archeologo Português). O Archeologo Português 4, 288–289.
  • Vasconcelos J. L. 1905. Acquisições do Museu Etnologico Português. O Archeologo Português 10, 44–48.
  • Vasconcelos J. L. 1906. Acquisições do Museu Ethnologico Português. O Archeologo Português 11, 89–92.
  • Vasconcelos J. L. 1907. Sepultura Romana. O Archeologo Português 12, 367.
  • Vasconcelos J. L. 1908a. Observações a “O Archeologo Português”. O Archeologo Português 13, 356.
  • Vasconcelos J. L. 1908b. Nota ao “Archeologo”, XII, 367. O Archeologo Português 13, 355–356.
  • Vasconcelos J. L. 1910. Acquisições do Museu Etnologico Português. O Archeologo Português 15, 233–247.
  • Vasconcelos J. L. 1913a. Sindicância ao Museu Etnológico Português. O Archeologo Português 18, 178–190.
  • Vasconcelos J. L. 1913b. Religiões da Lusitânia, vol. 3. Lisboa.
  • Vasconcelos J. L. 1914. Excursão arqueológica à Extremadura Transtagana – III. S. Tiago do Cacém. O Archeologo Português 19, 314–318.
  • Vasconcelos J. L. 1916. Entre Tejo e Odiana. O Archeologo Português 21, 152–195.
  • Veiga P. and Griffin K. 2007. Preliminary study of an unusual Graeco-Roman magical gem (MNA E540) in the National Museum of Archaeology in Lisbon, Portugal. In K. Griffin (ed.), Current Research in Egyptology: Proceedings of the Eighth Annual Symposium, 141–149. Swansea (Wales).
  • Vollenweider M.-L. 1972-74. Die Porträtgemmen der römischen Republik, vols 1–2. Mainz am Rhein.
  • Vollenweider M.-L. 1984. Deliciae Leonis: Antike geschnittene Steine und Ringe aus einer Privatsammlung. Mainz am Rhein.
  • Vollenweider M.-L. 1995. Camées et intailles, vol. 1: Les portraits grecs du Cabinet des médailles. Paris.
  • Vollenweider M.-L. 2003. Camées et Intailles, vol. 2: Les portraits romains du Cabinet des médailles. Paris.
  • Walker S. and Higgs P. 2001. Cleopatra of Egypt: From History to Myth. Princeton.
  • Wagner C. and Boardman J. 2003. A Collection of Classical and Eastern Intaglios, Rings and Cameos. (BAR IS 1136, Studies in Gems and Jewellery 1). Oxford.
  • Walters H. B. 1926. Catalogue of the Engraved Gems and Cameos, Greek, Etruscan and Roman in the British Museum. London.
  • Weiß C. 2007. Die antiken Gemmen der Sammlung Heinrich Dressel in der Antikensammlung Berlin. Würzburg.
  • Weiß C. 2009. Intagli preziosi. In E. Dozio, C.-M. Fallani and S. Soldini (eds.), Gli atleti di Zeus. Lo sport nell’antichità. [mostra organizzata dal Museo d’Arte Mendrisio con il sostegno del Municipio di Mendrisio, 12 settembre 2009 - 10 gennaio 2010], 221–235. Mendrisio.
  • Zazoff P. 1965. Gemmen in Kassel. AA 1, 1–115.
  • Zazoff P. 1983. Die Antiken Gemmen. München.
  • Zienkiewicz D. 1986. The engraved gemstones. In D. Zienkiewicz (ed.), The Legionary Fortress Baths at Caerleon. 2. The Finds, 117–145. Cardiff.
  • Zwierlein-Diehl E. 1969. Die Geschichte der Berliner Gemmensammlung. AA 4, 524–531.
  • Zwierlein-Diehl E. 1979. Die Antiken Gemmen des Kunsthistorischen Museums in Wien, vol. 2. München.
  • Zwierlein-Diehl E. 1986. Glaspasten im Martin-von-Wagner-Museum der Universität Würzburg, vol. 1. München.
  • Zwierlein-Diehl E. 1991. Die Antiken Gemmen des Kunsthistorischen Museums in Wien, vol. 3. München.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-1edbe61d-b86c-4aa0-87e3-531bf004abb4
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.