ОСОБЛИВОСТІ ПРОЯВІВ ОСОБИСТІСНОЇ ТА РЕАКТИВНОЇ ТРИВОЖНОСТІ У СПОРТСМЕНІВ ПОЖЕЖНО-ПРИКЛАДНОГО СПОРТУ
The features of personal and reactive anxiety of athletes of fire-applied sports
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The article states that the fire-applied sport is an extreme sport. The fire- applied sports is a sport which consists of a set of various techniques used in firefighting practice. The fire-applied sport aims to develop vital in the rescue of quality - strength, endurance, reaction time, the ability to withstand heavy exercise and work in smoke at high temperatures. One of the exercises of fire-applied sport where people can test their spirit and willpower are climbing the ladder first assault on the second, then the third and finally the fourth floor of training tower. The beginners should gradually pick up the load, because they just cannot overpower those loads that can withstand trained athletes, because this sport is designed so that everyone overcome all his fears and become man really needed other people. All types of exercises include elements of different sports: volleyball, football, athletics, gymnastics and others. To predict sports reliability of an athlete you need to pay attention to the study of anxiety level, as an extremely high level of its undesirable and even threatening the subject’s safety. The aim of the article is to study of the features of anxiety athletes of fire-applied sports. The method of research is the method «studies of anxiety» (by Ch. D. Spielberg, adapted version by Y.L. Hanin) aimed at identifying personality traits and situational anxiety. The article states that today we distinguish anxiety as an emotional state (situational anxiety) and as a stable trait (personal anxiety).The notion of situational and personal anxiety of personality is considered. The results of the study of anxiety athletes of fire-applied sports are given. 102 athletes of fire-applied sports participated in the study. They are divided into three groups on the basis of efficiency sports activities. The study distinguishes the features of expressed levels of anxiety in the groups. Thus, the 1st group of athletes with more than 5-year- experience have the lowest level of reactive anxiety. The largest number of athletes with a high level of anxiety recorded in the 3rd group. In the terms of competition these athletes cannot effectively control their condition and suggest pre-start errors already from start. Therefore, it appears necessary to introduce remedial techniques aimed at reducing anxiety in reactive less experienced athletes. Too high and too low anxiety are undesirable in terms of the competitive activities of fire-applied sport athletes.
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