2014 | 3(22) | 4-21
Article title

Funkcjonowanie muzyki rozrywkowej w pierwszym i trzecim obiegu w polskiej kulturze muzycznej lat 80.

Title variants
The functioning of popular music in the first and third circulation in the 80's Polish musical culture
Languages of publication
Rock is a kind of popular music, which is destined to the young and is played by the young, and intended for mass media publishing. It's a characteristic phenomenon for youth culture of the second half of 20th century. With the help of developing new technology, rock gained global popularity also in Poland, especially in 1980's, which is called the ‘boom of Polish rock music’. That unexpected growth of rock popularity was caused by cultural, social and economic factors. A very special role was played by the circulations of culture. In Poland of 1980's, we had three circulations: the first one (official culture), the second one (political opposition) and the third one (alternative culture). Famous rock bands, which composed in the West, earned a lot of money by promoting their singles, playing concerts and selling albums, so they could not only live comfortably, but also record better albums in good studios, with the best instruments. In Poland, the bands which played in Polish People's Republic didn't have such an opportunity – their popularity depended on the government, and the salaries were given according to the results of the exam of theoretical knowledge and general musical skills. The media tried to break the monopoly of the government (e.g. Program 3 of Polish Radio or ‘Non Stop’ magazine). The third circulation, equated especially with punk culture, developed in underground and on independent stages. It was characterized by raising issues which were ‘banned’ in the official culture. It was manifested in the message of the words of songs, but also in magazines created by fans or musicians (fanzin). A very interesting phenomenon were also music festivals, which, despite the political situation, gave a lot of freedom to musicians and the audience. This publication is a compilation of information collected by other researchers and also an extract of the BA thesis of the author of this text.
Physical description
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Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
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