PL EN


2018 | 3(1) | 233-280
Article title

LEGAL AND ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF PROPERTY TAXATION IN THE EUROPEAN UNION

Content
Title variants
PL
PRAWNE I EKONOMICZNE ASPEKTY OPODATKOWANIA NIERUCHOMOŚCI W UNII EUROPEJSKIEJ
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
A property tax (or millage tax) is a levy on real estate that the owner is required to pay. The tax is levied by the governing authority of the jurisdiction in which the real estate property is located; it may be paid to a national government, a federated state, a county or geographical region, or a municipality. Multiple jurisdictions may tax the same property. This is in contrast to a rent and mortgage tax, which is based on a percentage of the rent or mortgage value. There are four broad types of property: land, improvements to land (immovable manmade objects, such as buildings), personal property (movable manmade objects), and intangible property. Real property (also called real estate or realty) means the combination of land and improvements. Under a property tax system, the government requires and/or performs an appraisal of the monetary value of each property, and tax is assessed in proportion to that value. Forms of property tax used vary among countries and jurisdictions. Real property is often taxed based on its classification. Classification is the grouping of properties based on similar use. Real estate properties in different classes are taxed at different rates. Examples of different classes of property are residential, commercial, industrial and vacant real property. In Israel, for example, property tax rates are double for vacant apartments versus occupied apartments.
PL
W systemach opodatkowania nieruchomości występujących w krajach Europy Zachodniej, nie istnieją ujednolicone rozwiązania specyficzne dla każdego państwa. W konkretnych systemach krajowych, składowe konstrukcji podatku (szczególnie podstawa opodatkowania, stawki, zwolnienia oraz ulgi podatkowe) były formowane przez uwarunkowania społeczno-historyczne, co spowodowało, że w niektórych państwach występują rozwiązania bardzo charakterystyczne, nie istniejące w innych systemach podatkowych. Wskazać można jednak pewne wspólne cechy, specyficzne dla nowoczesnych systemów opodatkowania nieruchomości. Wspólnym elementem, który łączy nowoczesne systemy podatkowe jest to, że podstawę (z nielicznymi wyjątkami) opodatkowania nieruchomości stanowi jej wartość (różnie definiowana). Celem niniejszego opracowania jest charakterystyka uwarunkowań teoretycznych i empirycznych systemów opodatkowania nieruchomości w Unii Europejskiej ze szczególnym uwzględnieniem funkcji fiskalnej podatku od nieruchomości.
Year
Issue
Pages
233-280
Physical description
Dates
published
2018-06-30
Contributors
  • Wyższa Szkoła Ekonomii i Innowacji w Lublinie
References
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
ISSN
2543-7097
e-ISSN
2544-9478
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-1f41373a-d66a-48b9-96fd-e9efbc4e2be0
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