PL EN


2015 | 2/2015 (19) | 22-36
Article title

Motivation of Japanese Descending Diaspora Entrepreneurs

Authors
Content
Title variants
PL
Motywacja przedsiębiorców diaspory japońskiej będących potomkami emigrantów
Languages of publication
PL EN
Abstracts
EN
This paper explores entrepreneurial motivation of Japanese diaspora entrepreneurs conducting their business in emerging countries. While diaspora entrepreneurs play an increasingly significant role in the modern transnationalizing economy (Newland & Tanaka, 2010), previous scholars have predominantly focused on those who originate from developing countries and migrate to more developed ones. There are, however, also entrepreneurs who originate from developed countries and establish their business in emerging countries. These people are almost invisible in the previous research even though their entrepreneurial activities are assumed to have positive impacts on the local economy. They transfer knowledge, resources and information from developed countries to emerging countries. In the first place, it sounds rather counter-intuitive that they move from richer and more secure contexts to apparently less attractive conditions. We know still very little about their entrepreneurial motivations. This paper takes a first step to investigate their highly complex motivations by conducting multiple case studies with Japanese entrepreneurs in several emerging countries. The central research question to be answered is: what drives Japanese diasporans to become entrepreneurs in emerging countries? A grounded theory (Charmaz, 2014) approach will be chosen and the empirical data will be analyzed descriptively and coded. At the end of this paper, six main motivational factors are identified through an empirical study.
PL
W artykule zaprezentowano motywację przedsiębiorczą członków diaspory japońskiej prowadzących działalność gospodarczą w krajach wschodzących. Pomimo że odgrywają oni coraz ważniejszą rolę we współczesnej transnarodowej gospodarce (Newland i Tanaka, 2010), badacze dotychczas głównie koncentrowali się na przedsiębiorcach pochodzących z krajów rozwijających się i migrujących do krajów bardziej rozwiniętych. Niemniej jednak także przedsiębiorcy pochodzący z krajów rozwiniętych zakładają przedsiębiorstwa w krajach wschodzących. Osoby te były z reguły pomijane w dotychczasowych badaniach, chociaż zakłada się, że ich działania przedsiębiorcze mają pozytywny wpływ na gospodarkę lokalną. Wnoszą one bowiem do krajów wschodzących wiedzę, zasoby i informacje z krajów rozwiniętych. Przede wszystkim stosunkowo sprzeczne z intuicją wydawać się może to, że przenoszą się ze środowisk bardziej bezpiecznych w miejsca o warunkach najwyraźniej mniej atrakcyjnych. Wiedza o czynnikach skłaniających je do podejmowania działań przedsiębiorczych jest nadal niewielka. W artykule po raz pierwszy przedstawiono bardzo złożone czynniki motywacyjne na podstawie wielu studiów przypadku przeprowadzonych wśród przedsiębiorców japońskich w krajach wschodzących. Główne pytanie badawcze brzmi: co skłania członków diaspory japońskiej do podjęcia działań przedsiębiorczych w krajach wschodzących? Wybraną metodą jest teoria ugruntowana (Charmaz, 2014), zgodnie z którą dokonano opisowej analizy i kodowania danych empirycznych. W końcowej części artykułu, opierając się na badaniu empirycznym, określono sześć głównych czynników motywacyjnych.
Year
Issue
Pages
22-36
Physical description
Dates
issued
2015-11-15
Contributors
author
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
ISSN
1733-9758
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-1fb4805a-4406-420f-8ac1-b36ac9bf29d2
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