Problem nieobecności nazw gatunków drzew w Pieśniach ludowych z Warmii i Mazur na tle analizy etnograficzno-przyrodniczej
The issue of absence of particular names of tree species in Pieśni ludowe Warmii i Mazur (Folksongs from Warmia and Mazury) in the context of the ethno-environmental analysis
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This article attempts to analyze ethnographically the species of trees, whose names have not been mentioned in the collection of folksongs originating in Warmia and Mazury edited by Marian Sobieski. From the ethnographical point of view and with respect to the natural environment, they seem to be the most valuable plants in the region. The research falls within the framework of studies called “absence figure” that are currently popular and has been conducted on the premises of the theory of bioregionalism. Bioregionalism assumes a particular relationship between the world of plants and humans, their tradition, habits and culture. Accordingly, some species of trees, such as spruce, pine, juniper, birch-tree, and willow have been examined and analyzed. The description of each includes examples of main dialect variations of plant names, information about the place occupied by each species in the natural habitat of Warmia and Mazury and the role it played in the material heritage of local inhabitants. The conducted research allowed the author to determine the reason for the absence of key tree species. The cause (in everyday life and the sacrum sphere as well) might have been the specificity of the discussed anthology, the frugality of artistic devices in the songs or changes in the structure of tree stands.
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