ВИКОРИСТАННЯ ГЕНДЕРНОГО КОМПОНЕНТУ В ПЕДАГОГІЧНОМУ ПРОЦЕСІ
The use of gender component in the pedagogical process
Languages of publication
This paper analyzes the issue of gender problems, the process of genderization of the personality, the gender socialization. Despite the transformational trends, contemporaryUkrainian society is characterized by gender stereotypes. The different points of scholars’ views about the lack of harmonious relations among school age children are analyzed. The necessity of using gender component in the educational process is defined. It is pointed out that in the process of gender socialization, which provides a person’s awareness of their sexual independence and behavior throughout life according to it, the most effective are the mechanisms of imitation and identification. Starting with coping the behavior of their parents (girls trying to be more like the mother, the boys – like father), the child moves on, choosing new examples of gender behavior both real and unreal (the book characters, the heroes of fairy tales and so on). The suggestion of gender norms is often used by society as a means to influence individuals. So, in a society often evoke gender stereotypes and standards of conduct, that are not based on logic and not explaining the reasons for their imitation. It is noted that modern society is undergoing fundamental changes, providing the need for further development of the gender approach in pedagogy, as well as providing targeted development of youth gender culture. Among these changes are: converting egalitarism in one of the priority directions of the state policy of the majority of countries in the world, forcing a rethinking of the role and place of women in society; changing cultural stereotypes of masculinity and femininity, loss of polarity; scrapping the traditional system of gender stratification, easing stiffness in the definition of male and female social roles, the elimination of normativityin the traditional gender division of labour; changes in gender characteristics of marriage and family relations:acquisition of new high-quality properties: activation of marriage and family egalitarization; mutual contribution of men and women in their wellbeing; the spread of consensual, business forms of marriage and serial monogamy; objective changes in marriage and family status of modern women: reduction the role of the family as the traditional value for her, the growing importance of the values beyond the family (education, career, prestige, financial income and so on), focus on the one child or even on childlessness; objective changes in marriage and family status of the modern man: the loss of the traditional «breadwinner», the reduction of socializing role of fatherhood;deepening of the general tendency of family relations on the change of value orientations, in the centre of which is the family group and the individual;reorientation of the process of formation of the child’s personality with traditional, clearly fixed gender behaviors in mixed or inversive model that has significant negative consequences for society.
Publication order reference