ГОЛОВНІ КОМПЕТЕНЦІЇ ВИКЛАДАЧА В СИСТЕМІ ДИСТАНЦІЙНОЇ ОСВІТИ
The main competence of teachers in the system of distance education.
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This article focuses on the basic skills of the teacher in distance education system, that contribute to the successful organization of the educational process, it also generalizes their competences and determines that the teacher in the system of distance education, being in charge of the learning process, should be able to see the technological, organizational, socio-economic and socio-psychological ways of obtaining maximum pedagogical results. We also found out that the definition of the appropriate qualification characteristics of specialists in the field of distance learning remains open to discussion. We considered the main tasks of the professional training of teachers in distance education that are looked at in modern studies, characteristics of professional, informational, communicational and legal competences of the teacher in distance education. Using the methods of analysis, comparison and systematization of theoretical knowledge we list the main teacher’s competences that contribute to the effective organization of the educational process in the system of distance education. We discovered that the distance education requires special preparation of the teacher and involves possession of a number of specific competences. In our opinion, these are: the competence of the methodological design of the educational process; the competence of development of various types of organizational documentation for conducting a distance course, according to the forms and methods used; the competence of development of electronic content, including different types of pedagogical control in the system of distance learning; the competence of knowing forms, methods of organization of distance learning and tools for professional-pedagogical communication in practice; the competence of leading classes taking into account psychological characteristics of students’ behavior in a virtual environment; the competence of organizational skills in distance learning; the competence of the independent cognitive activity, the ability to adequately assess their own professional level, skills of self-development and self-organization. For the establishment of communication links, promoting the adaptation of the students, encouraging, collaboration, diagnostics of educational achievements, usage of different methods for the development of individual qualities allow teachers to establish interaction with them effectively and successfully, which helps to achieve the goal of studying. The obtained results can be used in developing of the content of the special educational courses in teachers of higher education institutions, educational and methodological manuals, aimed at training teachers to organize the educational process in the system of distance learning.
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