Одеські товариства в організації еміграції євреїв з півдня Російської імперії до Сирії і Палестини у 1880-1920-х рр.
Odessa Societies in Organizing Jewish Emigration from the South of the Russian Empire to Syria and Palestine in the 1880s - 1920s.
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The article, based on documents of the State Archive of Odessa Region and researches of the Ukrainian and foreign scholars, covers the activities of a number of Odessa Jewish societies and their leaders who played a significant role in organizing the emigration of Jews from the South of the Russian Empire to the Middle East - to Syria and Palestine in the 1880-1920s. It is characterized an organizational framework and different areas of work of public associations, established to aid migrants. Also it is highlighted the stages of palestinophile movement and role of certain groups and personalities who made a significant contribution to the development of the theory and practice of Zionism. The author introduced and summarized the new archival sources and information about more than two dozen Jewish societies, clubs, bureaus, funds and commissions who had been working in Odessa in the economic, financial, cultural, educational and political spheres for supporting the Palestine project.
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