The following text is an attempt at an analysis of the condition of the Polish minority in Ukraine. The subject of discussion is the tension appearing in relations between minority groups, the country where they live in and their foreign homeland. Loyalty to each of these two countries requires giving up part of their identity. From the perspective of the history of the twentieth century, the author reflects on the (im) possibility of consolidating the Polish movement in the context of the revolutionary events in Ukraine which took place in 2014. The author attempts to apply the principle of triangulation of sources, using the knowledge acquired during qualitative research in Ukraine conducted among the Polish community in February, July and August 2014 and also on the basis of other quantitative studies of a comparative nature conducted among minorities living in Ukraine, including the Polish one and its equivalent in Poland.