Made from Mud: Functional Categorization and Analyses of Bronze Age Earthen Materials from Western Turkey
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This contribution presents the results of a pilot study of earthen materials excavated at the Middle to Late Bronze Age site of Kaymakçı, located in western Anatolia. It argues that systematic collection and analysis of fragmentary and difficult to identify earthen materials is challenging, yet crucial. These materials inform on activities of which traces are preserved in the archaeological record but which have been largely under researched. Flourishing studies on earthen findings foreground architectural materials, such as mudbrick, and well preserved features and objects. However, earthen objects and architectural features were utilized more widely than in building architecture and only a small portion of excavated sites has good preservation. We, therefore, present the different categories of earthen materials discovered at Kaymakçı, specifically ar chitecture, installations, and portable items. Our work demonstrates that by incorporating new knowledge of archaeological remains at the site and re studying the earthen assemblage it is possible to gain a better understanding of the morphological, functional, and social aspects of this dataset.
- Research Associate Faculty of Classics, University of Cambridge
- Department of Archaeology and History of Art Research Center for Anatolian Civilizations Koç University
- Department of Archaeology and History of Art Koç University
- Institute of Archaeology University College London
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